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Des eunuques dans la tragédie grecque. L’orientalisme antique à l’épreuve des textes

Dominique Lenfant

Abstract


In the past few decades, eunuchs have been described as being for the ancient Greeks a fascinating symbol of eastern effeminacy and weakness as opposed to strong, male Greeks, exemplifying ancient Greek orientalism. Greek tragedy has been presented as a major source on the matter, although very few of the characters in the Greek plays we know are eunuchs. This paper examines the three cases that have been produced as evidence. In two fragments of lost plays (Phrynichos’ Phoenissae and Sophocles’ Troilos) there is indeed a castrated oriental slave, but both texts are limited to a few words. There is nothing to suggest that the eunuch either had a major role in the play as a whole or served as a symbol to contrast Orientals and the Greeks. The third alleged eunuch is the Phrygian slave of Euripides’ Orestes, this time a rather important figure in an extant tragedy, but it is shown here that he should not be interpreted as being a eunuch. Thus, eunuchs seem to have been unimportant in Greek tragedy, and consequently they cannot be considered to have been a fascinating symbol of the contemptible Oriental.


Keywords


Eunuch, orientalism, Orient, Persians, Phrygians, Trojans, tragedy, Phrynichos, Sophocles, Euripides

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7358/erga-2013-002-lenf

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Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678
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Executive Editor
: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Paolo A. Tuci
Editorial Board: Ralf Behrwald - Serena Bianchetti - Giovannella Cresci - Lia Raffaella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Daniela Manetti - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - Riccardo Vattuone - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace