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Pianificazione ambientale e sociale per le Nuove Vie della Seta. Il caso della Banca Asiatica d’Investimento per le Infrastrutture

Daniele Brombal

Abstract


The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) highlights the role of large infrastructures in promoting socioeconomic progress. Environmental and social planning will play a pivotal role to ensure that the BRI is tuned with the protection of nature and societal needs. This paper appraises environmental and social safeguards employed by the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), one of BRI’s key actors. Results show that their rationale, scope, and function are aligned with international practice. Their efficacy however may be jeopardized by the limited capacity of the Bank to oversee the screening and assessment of impacts. More importantly, AIIB’s safeguards endorse an obsolete conceptualization of sustainability, centred on the mitigation of impacts, rather than on the transformation of socioeconomic development patterns.


Keywords


environmental and social planning; Belt and Road Initiative; multilateral development banks; Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank; pianificazione ambientale e sociale; Iniziativa della cintura e della strada; banche multilaterali di sviluppo

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/gn-2018-001-brom

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Geography Notebooks / Quaderni di Geografia / Cahiers de Géographie / Cuadernos de Geografía
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (06.12.2017 - n. 342) 
Online ISSN 2611-7207 - Print ISSN 2611-7193


Editor in Chief: Dino Gavinelli
Editorial Board: Maristella Bergaglio - Valerio Bini - Alice Giulia Dal Borgo - Giuseppe Gambazza - Flavio Lucchesi - Eleonora Mastropietro - Maria Paradiso - Giacomo Zanolin
Scientific Editorial Board: Matteo Bolocan Goldstein - Stefano de Rubertis - Elena Dell’Agnese - Philippe Duhamel - Agustin Gamir Orueta - Fiona Haslam McKenzie - Antoine Leblanc - Guy Mercier - Valerià Paül Carril - Ana Pejdo - Jorge Virchez