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Le concept ‘risque’ dans les outils stratégiques d’aménagement et d’urbanisme: faiblesses antérieures et evaluation des mesures postérieures. Cas de la zone littorale de la Province de Nador au nord-est du Maroc

Hassan El Amrani, Abdellatif Tribak

Abstract


Natural hazards are an inherent component of the coastal zone of the Nador Province in north-eastern Morocco. These phenomena repeatedly disturb the economic, social and environmental balance of the territory by generating impacts on the structural and functional organization of its components. Their recurrence is more and more pronounced, especially with the accelerated pace of climatic instabilities. Faced with such a situation, the authorities in charge of territorial management still continue to favor a management approach that is reactive rather than preventive; in fact, the interventions are always based on the management of emergency situations characterized by one-off actions limited in time and space, and especially driven by the implementation of sectoral action plans, in the near absence of convergence of visions and a proactive approach. The analysis of the first generation of urban planning documents that governed the development of this territory during the last forty years revealed to us the complete absence of taking risks into account in the planning process. At present, it must be admitted that he has some gestation about it. Indeed, the concept of risk is more and more central in planning and urban planning studies, except that there are still several technical and legal points to overcome, especially in the absence of a concerted national policy and framed by a law on the management of natural risks.


Keywords


natural risks; town planning; Nador Morocco; risk management.

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References


BESSON .L 2005 ; Les risques naturels. De la connaissance pratique à la gestion administrative –Editions Techni.Cités, Voiron, 594 p.

DAKKI M. 2003; Diagnostic pour l'aménagement des zones humides du Nord-Est du Maroc : vol. 1-5. Secr. Etat Env. / Dptt Eaux & Forêts /MedWet, Projet MedWetCoast-

GEROUANI.H 2017; Mieux Intégrer la résilience dans l’Aménagement du Territoire et le Développement Urbain, direction de l’urbanisme, journée d’étude résilience territoriale et planification urbaine, 17 Mai 2017, Fes

GUILLEMIN M & HOUZAY JP.1982; Le néogène post-nappes et le quaternaire du Rif Nord Oriental. Stratigraphie et tectonique des bassins de Melilla, du Kert, de Boudinar et du piémont de Kebdana. Etudes géologiques sur la chaine du Rif : III. Notes et Mémoires du Service Géologique, 314, 40–42.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/gn-2019-002-eltr

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Geography Notebooks / Quaderni di Geografia / Cahiers de Géographie / Cuadernos de Geografía
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (06.12.2017 - n. 342) 
Online ISSN 2611-7207 - Print ISSN 2611-7193


Editor in Chief: Dino Gavinelli
Editorial Board: Maristella Bergaglio - Valerio Bini - Alice Giulia Dal Borgo - Giuseppe Gambazza - Flavio Lucchesi - Eleonora Mastropietro - Giacomo Zanolin
Scientific Editorial Board: Matteo Bolocan Goldstein - Stefano de Rubertis - Elena Dell’Agnese - Philippe Duhamel - Agustin Gamir Orueta - Fiona Haslam McKenzie - Antoine Leblanc - Guy Mercier - Maria Paradiso - Valerià Paül Carril - Ana Pejdo - Jorge Virchez