Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

News and Views: Definitions and Characteristics of Genres in Chinese Journalism

Emma Lupano

Abstract


Journalistic genres in China have acquired distinctive characteristics and have shaped original sub-genres that are unique to the local journalistic tradition. While many studies analyzing their characteristics have been written in Chinese, works on the subject in other languages are still scarce. This contribution aims to fill this void by presenting the two main genres in which written journalistic production can be understood, i.e., “news” and “views”, as well as their sub-genres, and showing how they are interpreted in Chinese media studies. The analysis is based on a corpus of recent academic publications that represent the current Chinese scholarly interpretations of local genres of journalism. In doing so, the paper also offers insights on recent theoretical reflections about the functions of journalistic writing in the People’s Republic of China.


Keywords


China; commentary; editorial; genre; investigative journalism; journalism; news; news report; opinion article; views

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bai Ruihua 白瑞华. 2003. Zhongguo Jindai Baokan Shi 中国近代报刊史 (History of Modern Chinese press). Beijing: Zhongyang Bianyi Chubanshe.

Bandurski David, and Martin Hala, eds. 2010. Investigative Journalism in China: Eight Cases in Chinese Watchdog Journalism. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Bhatia, Vijay K.. 1993. Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings. Harlow: Longman.

Buozis, Michael, and Brian Creech. 2018. “Reading News as Narrative”. Journalism Studies 19(10): 1430-1446.

Cheng, Dong 陈栋. 2008. “Wo Guo Xin Shiping de Fazhan Lishi yu Xiankuang Fenxi 我国新时评的发展历史与现况分析” (History of the Development of the New Commentary on Current Affairs and Analysis of the Current Situation). Jinchuanmei 今传媒11.

Cohen Paul A. 1974. Between Tradition and Modernity: Wang T'ao and Reform in Late-Ch'ing China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

De Giorgi, Laura. 2001. La Rivoluzione d’Inchiostro. Venezia: Cafoscarina.

Ding, Fazhang丁法章. 2009. “Xinwen Shiping de Fuxing ji Qita新闻时评的复兴及其他” (The Rejuvenation of Commentary on Current Affairs and Other Writings). Xinwen Jizhe 新闻记者4: 26-28.

Du, Tao 杜涛. 2013. Xinwen Pinglun. Siwei yu Biaoda 新闻评论。思维于表达 (News Commentary. Thought and Expression). Beijing: Zhishi Chanquan Chubanshe.

Gentz, Natascha. 2007. “Useful Knowledge and Appropriate Communication: The Filed Journalistic Production in Late Nineteenth-Centruy China”. In Joining the Global Public. World, Image and City in Early Chinese Newspapers, 1870-1910, edited by Rudolf Wagner, 47-104. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gitter, David, and Leah Fang. 2018, “The Chinese Communist Party’s Use of Homophonous Pen Names: an Open-source Open Secret”. Asia Policy 2018(1): 69-112.

Gongyang, Wangjun. 公羊王均. 2008. Ziyou Zhuangaoren. Wenhua Quanli de “Yesheng Dongwu” 自由撰稿人。文化圈里的“野生动物” (Independent Editorial Contributor. The “Wild Animal” of Cultural Circles). Shanghai: Dongfang Chuban Zhongxin.

Hassid, Jonathan. 2011. “Four Models of the Fourth Estate: A Typology of Contemporary Chinese Journalists”. China Quarterly 208: 813-832.

Hu, Taichun 胡太春. 1987. Zhongguo Jindai Xinwen Sixiang Shi 中国近代新闻思想史 (Intellectual History of Modern Chinese Journalism). Taiyuan: Shanxi Remin Chubanshe.

Lavagnino, Alessandra C., and Emma Lupano. 2013. “La svolta dei media. Editoriale”. Mondo Cinese 15: 9-17.

Lavagnino Alessandra C, and Bettina. Mottura. 2016. Cina e modernità. Cultura e istituzioni dalle Guerre dell’oppio a oggi. Milano: Carocci.

Lavid Julia, Jorge Arus, and Lara Moraton. 2012. “Genre realized in Theme: The Case of News Reports and Commentaries”. Discourse 10.

Li, Fabao 李法宝. 2013 新闻评论.发现于表现 (News Commentary. Aspects and Expression). Guangzhou: Zhongshan Daxue Chubanshe.

Li, Wenkai 李文凯. 2006. Reyan Shidai 热言时代 (The Era of Commentary Fever). Guangzhou: Nanfang Daily Press.

Liao, Guanlian 廖广莲. 2017. Xinwen Tongxun Chuanmei Xiezuo Jiqiao yu Fanlie 新闻通讯传媒写作技巧与范冽 (Techniques and Models for News Story Media Writing). Beijing: Beijing Lianhe Chuban Gongsi.

Lupano, Emma. 2016. Zhongguo Jizhe. Giornalisti Cinesi: Linguaggio e Identità Professionale. Milano: Unicopli.

Lupano, Emma. 2017a. “Freelancers or ‘Public intellectuals’? Professional Identity and Discursive Representation of Chinese Independent Media Writers in a Fast-changing Landscape”. In Languages Cultures Mediation 4(1), edited by Giuliana Garzone, Paola Catenaccio, and Srikant Sarangi, 149-66.

Lupano, Emma. 2017b. “Wo Shi Zhali ma? The Representation of the ‘Charlie Hebdo’ Case in Chinese Press News Commentaries”. In Media and Politics. Discourses, Cultures, and Practices, edited by Bettina Mottura, Letizia Osti, and Giorgia Riboni, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishers: 127-45.

Lupano, Emma. 2018. “Opinioni senza volto: il ruolo dell’autore nel genere del commento giornalistico in Cina”. Altre Modernità 19(5): 129-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/10112

Lupano, Emma. In press. “Journalists’ Ethics in a Global Context: a Discursive Approach to the Chinese Case”. In Remapping or Remapped?, edited by Gabriele Balbi, Fei Jiang, and Giuseppe Richeri. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing.

Mi, Bohua米博华. 2009. “Ren Zhongping de Tezhi he Pinge 仁仲平的特质和品格” (Ren Zhongping’s Nature and Characteristics). 人民日报. 1 March.

Mittler, Barbara. 2004, A Newspaper for China? Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Nathan, Andrew J. 1986. Chinese Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Nong Fu 农幅. 2002. “Cong Shipingre Tan Meiti de Yulun Daoxiang 从时评热谈媒体的舆论导向” (Discussing the Media’s Guidance of Public Opinion from the “Commentary on Current Affairs Fever”). 南方都市报. 20.02.2002.

Ouyang, Zhesheng. 2009. “Editorial Evolution of La Jeunesse: an Examination Based on Correspondence between Fellow Contributors”. Historical Research 3:4.

Qian, Gang, and David Bandurski. 2011. “China’s Emerging Public Sphere”. In Changing Media, Changing China, edited by Susan Shirk. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 38-76.

Qian, Gang. 2013. “Why Southern Weekly?”. China Media Project. Last modified 18/02/2013 [28/10/2018]. http://cmp.hku.hk/2013/02/18/31257.

She, Tao 社涛. 2013. Xinwen Pinglun. Siwei yu Biaoda 新闻评论。思维与表达 (News Commentary). Beijing: Zhishi Chanquan Chubanshe.

Shen, Baoyang. 沈宝祥. 2009. “Jiemi Renmin Ribao ‘Teyue Pinglunyuan’ 解密人民日报‘特约评论员’” (Unveiling Renmin Ribao’s “Special Commentator”), CCP News Net. Last modified 11 March [20/11/2018] http://dangshi.people.com.cn/GB/85039/8941769.html.

Shen, Weidong 沈伟东, 2003, Ziyou Zhuangaoren Shiyong Baodian 自由撰稿人使用宝典 (The Handbook of the Independent Editorial Contributor), Guangxi Normal University Press, Guilin.

Shirk, Susan. 2011. Changing Media, Changing China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shoemaker, Pamela J., and Stephen D. Reese. 1996. Mediating the message : theories of influences on mass media content. White Plains, N.Y. : Longman.

Stockmann, Daniela. 2015. Media Commercialization and Authoritarian Rule in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Svensson, Marina, Elin Saether and Zhi’an Zhang, eds. 2013. China Investigative Journalists’ Dreams: Autonomy, Agency, and Voice. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Swales, John. 1990. Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tsai, Wen-Hsuan, and Peng-Hsiang Kao. 2013. “Secret Codes of Political Propaganda: the Unknown System of Writing Teams”. China Quarterly 214: 394-410.

Tong, Jinrong 2014. “Discourse of Journalism and Legitimacy in post-reform China”. In Discourse, Politics and Media in Contemporary China, edited by Qing Cao, Hailong Tian and Paul Chilton. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins..

Tong, Jinrong, and Colin Sparks. 2009. “Investigative Journalism in China Today”. Journalism Studies 10(3): 337–352.

Uchida, Keiichi. 2017. A Study of Cultural Interaction and Linguistic Contact. Gottingen: V&R unipress.

Valli, Rebecca. 2010. “Pinglun, un genere del giornalismo cinese”. Media in Cina oggi, edited by Emma Lupano, 155-162. Milano: FrancoAngeli.

Vittinghoff, Natascha. 2002. “Unity vs. Uniformity: Liang Qichao and the Invention of a ‘New Journalism’ for China”, Late Imperial China 23(l): 91-143.

Wagner, Rudolf G. 2007. Joining the Global Public. World, Image and City in Early Chinese Newspapers, 1870-1910. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Wang, Hailong 王海龙. 2004. Baozhi Shang de Zhongguo 报纸上的中国 (Newspapers’ China). Beijing: Beijing Daxue Chubanshe.

Wang, Wei. 2008. “Intertextual Aspects of Chinese Newspaper Commentaries on the Events of 9/11”. Discourse Studies 10(3): 361-381.

Weston, Timothy B. 2006. “Minding the Newspaper Business: The Theory and Practice of Journalism in 1920s China”, Twentieth-Century China 31(2): 4-31.

Weston, Timothy B. 2010. “China, Professional Journalism, and Liberal Internationalism in the Era of the First World War”, Pacific Affairs 83(2): 327-347.

Xia, Deyong 夏德勇. 2014. Xinwen Baodao Xiezuo 新闻报道写作 (News Report Writing). Guangzhou: Jinan Daxue Chubanshe.

Xu, Guoyuan 徐国源. 2013. Dangdai Xinwen Caifang Xiezuo 当代新闻采访写作 (Contemporary News Collecting and Writing). Suzhou: Suzhou Daxue Chubanshe.

Xue, Guolin, and Jinsheng Zhang 薛国林, 张晋升. 2013a. Xinwen Baodao Xue 新闻报道学 (Study on News Report). Guangzhou: Jinan Daxue Chubanshe.

Xue, Guolin, Zhang Jinsheng薛国林, 张晋升. 2013b. Xinwen Xiezuo 新闻写作 (News Writing). Guangzhou: Jinan Daxue Chubanshe.

Yang, Guobin, 2016, The Red Guard Generation and Political Activism in China, New York: Columbia University Press.

Yang, Xinmin 杨新敏. 2013. Xinwen Pinglun Xue 新闻评论学 (Study of News Commentary). Suzhou: Suzhou Daxue Chubanshe.

Yuan, Dongwei 元冬维. 2016. Xinwen Pinglun Xiezuo 新闻评论协作 (News Commentary Writing). Beijing: Zhongguo Renmin Daxue Chubanshe.

Zhang, Hao 张浩. 2014. Xinwen Xiezuo Jiqiao 新闻写作技巧 (News Writing Techniques), Beijing: Haichao Chubanshe.

Zhao, Zhenxiang. 赵振祥. 2012. Xinwen Pinglun Xue 新闻评论学 (Study on News Commentary). Beijing: Jiuzhou Chubanshe.

Young, Douglas. 2013. The Party Line. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2018-002-lupa



 


Lingue Culture Mediazioni - Languages Cultures Mediation
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (27/11/2013 n. 380)
Online ISSN 2421-0293 - Print ISSN 2284-1881


Dipartimento di Scienze della Mediazione Linguistica e di Studi Interculturali
Università degli Studi di Milano


Editors-in-Chief: Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giuliana Garzone (IULM, Milano)
Editorial Board: Marina Brambilla (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Maria Vittoria Calvi (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Gabriella Cartago (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Lidia Anna De Michelis (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giovanni Garofalo (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Dino Gavinelli (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Antonella Ghersetti (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Maria Grazia Guido (Università del Salento) - Elena Liverani (IULM, Milano) - Stefania Maci (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Andrea Maurizi (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) - Chiara Molinari (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Ondelli (Università degli Studi di Trieste) - Davide Papotti (Università degli Studi di Parma) - Francesca Santulli (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Girolamo Tessuto (Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) - Giovanni Turchetta (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Vicari (Università degli Studi di Genova)
International Scientific Committee: James Archibald (McGill University, Montreal) - Natalija G. Bragina (Institut Russkogo Jazyka im. A.S. Puškina; RSUH, Mosca) - Kristen Brustad (University of Texas at Austin) - Luciano Curreri (University of Liège) - Hugo de Burgh (University of Westminster) - Giuditta Caliendo (Université de Lille) - Giorgio Fabio Colombo (Nagoya University Graduate School of Law) - Daniel Dejica (Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara) - Anna De Fina (Georgetown University, USA) - Claudio Di Meola, (Sapienza Università di Roma) - Denis Ferraris (Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris) - Lawrence Grossberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) - Stephen Gundle (University of Warwick) - Décio de Alencar Guzmán (Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém,  Brasile) - Matthias Heinz (Universität Salzburg) - Rosina Márquez-Reiter (The Open University) - Samir Marzouki (Université de Manouba à Tunis) - (John McLeod, University of Leeds) - Estrella Montolío Durán (Universitat de Barcelona) - M'bare N'gom (Morgan State University, Baltimore) - Christiane Nord (Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences) - Daragh O'Connell (Cork University) - Roberto Perin (York University, Toronto) - Giovanni Rovere (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) - Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (University of Edinburgh) - Françoise Sabban (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris) - Kirk St.Amant (Louisiana Tech University, University of Limerick/University of Strasbourg) - Paul Sambre (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) - Srikant Sarangi (Aalborg University) - Junji Tsuchiya (Waseda University, Tokyo) - Xu Shi (Zhejiang University)
Section editors: Maria Matilde Benzoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (Modern history) - Paola Cotta Ramusino, Università degli Studi di Milano (Russian linguistics and translation) - Mario de Benedittis, Università degli Studi di Milano (Sociology) - Kim Grego Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giovanna Mapelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Spanish linguistics and translation) - Bettina Mottura, University of Milan (Chinese studies) - Mauro Giacomo Novelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Contemporary Italian literature and culture) - Letizia Osti, Università degli Studi di Milano (Arab studies) - Maria Cristina Paganoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giuseppe Sergio, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italian linguistics) - Virginia Sica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Japanese studies)

Editor of LCM - The Series: Marie-Christine Jullion


Referee List