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An Inquiry into Discursive News Coverage, Popularization and Presuppositions Concerning Military PTSD Treatment Options

Roxanne Barbara Doerr

Abstract


Since 1980, when the term was officially associated with soldiers’ traumas during combat, PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) has reemerged due to a significant increase in patients and its revision in DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). The media have contributed in disseminating information, promoting awareness and opening debates on the patients, the cure (Brent and Penk 2011) and the implementation of experimental PTSD treatments (Donovan 2010). The most contested consists in “memory dampening” or “memory enhancing” medication that helps patients cope but has raised questions on the ethical, legal (Kolber 2006; Snead 2011) and moral (Gross 2006) importance of memories, as well as its effect on soldiers’ formation and perception (Moreno 2008). The present study observes how articles in favor of memory-modifying medication and of alternative treatments are framed and sustained in USA news published over the past 20 years. Corpus-Assisted Critical Discourse Analysis (Baker 2004; Garzone and Santulli 2004; Degano 2006; Freake 2012) is applied to identify relevant linguistic and discursive strategies in terms of text organization, lexical choices, expert advice, popularization, and common cultural references.


Keywords


bioethics; knowledge dissemination; military community in the news; military medicine; PTSD

Full Text:

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References


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Appendix: Quoted sources from the corpora

Alternative corpus (ALT)

AbilTo Introduces Military Transitions Program for Veterans Finding Return to Civilian Life Challenging;

Tele-Behavioral Health Program to Address PTSD, Transitional Issues, Positive Coping Strategies for Veterans, PR Newswire, December 8, 2015.

Veterans with PTSD praise audio-therapy results, Associated Press, August 29, 2015.

Scanning invisible damage of PTSD, brain blasts, Associated Press, November 10, 2009.

VA Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Programs, Federal Document Clearing House Congressional Testimony, March 11, 2004.

USF explores new PTSD therapy, University Wire, November 4, 2013.

Sniper killing aftermath: 5 things to know about PTSD, CNN wire, February 5, 2013.

Army science conference to focus on 'disruptive technology', Defense Department Documents and Publications, November 25, 2008.

Oakland Effect: Got PTSD? There's an app for that, Contra Costa Times, July 24, 2011.

Medication corpus (MED)

Tonix Pharmaceuticals Presented Additional Phase 2 Clinical Results in Military-Related PTSD and Design of Ongoing Phase 3 Trial at the 2017 Military Health System Research Symposium, GlobeNewswire, August 29, 2017.

Soldotna shooting victim responds to treatment, The Associated Press State & Local Wire, September 1, 2013.

Study Linking Beneficial Bacteria to Mental Health makes Top 10 List for Brain Research, States News Service, January 5, 2017.

Benefits and Dangers Pervade Use of Human Enhancement Tools, Bioethicists Say, States News Service, June 6, 2008.

AAAS Capitol Hill Briefing: Neuroscience Raises Dramatic Hopes and Key Social Issues, States News Service, August 22, 2011.

Is Every Memory Worth Keeping?; Controversy Over Pills to Reduce Mental Trauma, The Washington Post, October 19, 2004.

The Quest to Forget, The New York Times, April 4, 2004.

The Forgetting Pill, Wired, March 2012.

A Drug to Cure Fear, The New York Times, January 24, 2016.

Memory loss, University Wire, December 18, 2006.

Hypertension drug could muddle traumatic memories, University Wire, March 30, 2007.

A pill to halt painful memories would leave void, Dayton Daily News, December 18, 2006.

New medicines may make memory-erasing a possibility, University Wire, April 15, 2004.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2019-001-doer



 


Lingue Culture Mediazioni - Languages Cultures Mediation
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (27/11/2013 n. 380)
Online ISSN 2421-0293 - Print ISSN 2284-1881


Dipartimento di Scienze della Mediazione Linguistica e di Studi Interculturali
Università degli Studi di Milano


Editors-in-Chief: Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giuliana Garzone (IULM, Milano)
Editorial Board: Marina Brambilla (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Maria Vittoria Calvi (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Gabriella Cartago (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Lidia Anna De Michelis (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giovanni Garofalo (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Dino Gavinelli (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Antonella Ghersetti (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Maria Grazia Guido (Università del Salento) - Elena Liverani (IULM, Milano) - Stefania Maci (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Andrea Maurizi (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) - Chiara Molinari (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Ondelli (Università degli Studi di Trieste) - Davide Papotti (Università degli Studi di Parma) - Francesca Santulli (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Girolamo Tessuto (Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) - Giovanni Turchetta (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Vicari (Università degli Studi di Genova)
International Scientific Committee: James Archibald (McGill University, Montreal) - Natalija G. Bragina (Institut Russkogo Jazyka im. A.S. Puškina; RSUH, Mosca) - Kristen Brustad (University of Texas at Austin) - Luciano Curreri (University of Liège) - Hugo de Burgh (University of Westminster) - Giuditta Caliendo (Université de Lille) - Giorgio Fabio Colombo (Nagoya University Graduate School of Law) - Daniel Dejica (Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara) - Anna De Fina (Georgetown University, USA) - Claudio Di Meola, (Sapienza Università di Roma) - Denis Ferraris (Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris) - Lawrence Grossberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) - Stephen Gundle (University of Warwick) - Décio de Alencar Guzmán (Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém,  Brasile) - Matthias Heinz (Universität Salzburg) - Rosina Márquez-Reiter (The Open University) - Samir Marzouki (Université de Manouba à Tunis) - (John McLeod, University of Leeds) - Estrella Montolío Durán (Universitat de Barcelona) - M'bare N'gom (Morgan State University, Baltimore) - Christiane Nord (Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences) - Daragh O'Connell (Cork University) - Roberto Perin (York University, Toronto) - Giovanni Rovere (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) - Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (University of Edinburgh) - Françoise Sabban (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris) - Kirk St.Amant (Louisiana Tech University, University of Limerick/University of Strasbourg) - Paul Sambre (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) - Srikant Sarangi (Aalborg University) - Junji Tsuchiya (Waseda University, Tokyo) - Xu Shi (Zhejiang University)
Section editors: Maria Matilde Benzoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (Modern history) - Paola Cotta Ramusino, Università degli Studi di Milano (Russian linguistics and translation) - Mario de Benedittis, Università degli Studi di Milano (Sociology) - Kim Grego Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giovanna Mapelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Spanish linguistics and translation) - Bettina Mottura, University of Milan (Chinese studies) - Mauro Giacomo Novelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Contemporary Italian literature and culture) - Letizia Osti, Università degli Studi di Milano (Arab studies) - Maria Cristina Paganoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giuseppe Sergio, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italian linguistics) - Virginia Sica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Japanese studies)

Editor of LCM - The Series: Marie-Christine Jullion


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