Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Online ELT during the Covid-19 Pandemic. A Case Study on Students’ Perspectives

Ilaria Iori

Abstract


The Covid-19 pandemic has raised interest within many interdisciplinary fields. Researchers in the field of education were particularly interested in reporting teachers’ and students’ experiences (e.g., Hoti, Dragusha, and Ndou 2022) during the period of Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) (Hodges et al. 2020) and Sustained Remote Teaching (SRT) (Stewart, Baek, and Lowenthal 2022). This article aims to provide a further contribution to education studies by exploring students’ experiences in an English language course organised by an Italian University Language Centre during the 2020/21 academic year. More specifically, it focuses on how interactions were accomplished in foreign language virtual classrooms and whether students’ perceptions on online teaching have changed with SRT. Results showed that although students still preferred face-to-face lessons, they highly appreciated specific tools of online teaching (e.g., recordings) and wished they could be implemented in traditional lessons. The data also confirmed the importance of interactions in modern foreign language virtual classrooms and found that most students who had an overall negative experience with online teaching were also students who had more difficulties in interacting during classes.


Keywords


Covid-19; digital learning; emergency remote teaching; English language teaching; online language learning.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akram, Huma, Sarfraz Aslam, Atif Saleem, and Khalida Parveen. 2021. "The Challenges of Online Teaching in Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Public Universities in Karachi, Pakistan". Journal of Information Technology Education: Research 20: 263-282.

https://doi.org/10.28945/4784

Ally, Mohamed. 2008. "Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning". In The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. 2nd ed., edited by Therry Anderson, 15-45. Edmonton: AU Press.

Alwaheebi, Ebtisam W., and Fatma M. Al-Qahtani. 2022. "EFL Instructors' and Students' Perceptions of Online Writing Instruction during the Covid-19 Pandemic". Journal of Language Teaching and Research 13 (4): 809-819.

https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1304.14

Arabaci, Imam Bakir, and Ceyda Akilli. 2021. "English Teachers' Views on the Use of Web 2.0 Tools in Educational Environments". Asian Journal of Education and Training 7 (2): 115-125.

https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.522.2021.72.115.125

Ashkanani, Alia, Ghalya Ashkanani, Nuran Bayraktar, Esha Subhash, and Ali Chaari. 2022. "Converting a Formerly in Person Biochemistry Course Based Undergraduate Research Experience to Online Teaching during the Covid‐19 Pandemic". Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education 50 (1): 104-113.

https://doi.org/10.1002/bmb.21597

Bolliger, Doris U., and Colleen Halupa. 2022. "An Investigation of Instructors' Online Teaching Readiness". TechTrends 66 (2): 185-195.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-021-00654-0

Bond, Melissa, Victoria I. Marín, Carina Dolch, Svenja Bedenlier, and Olaf Zawacki-Richter. 2018. "Digital Transformation in German Higher Education: Student and Teacher Perceptions and Usage of Digital Media". International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education 15 (1): 48.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-018-0130-1

Brown, James Dean, and Theodore S. Rodgers. 2010. Doing Second Language Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cilliers, Elizelle Juaneé. 2017. "The Challenge of Teaching to Generation Z". PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences 3 (1): 188-198.

https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2017.31.188198

Council of Europe, ed. 2020. Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment - Companion Volume. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.

www.coe.int/lang-cefr

Daniel, Sir John. 2020. "Education and the Covid-19 Pandemic". Prospects 49 (1-2): 91-96.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-020-09464-3

Dörnyei, Zoltán. 2007. Research Methods in Applied Linguistics: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methodologies. Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press.

Dörnyei, Zoltán. 2010. Questionnaires in Second Language Research: Construction, Administration, and Processing. 2nd ed. New York - London: Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group.

Fořtová, Nicola, Jitka Sedláčková, and František Tůma. 2021. "'And My Screen Wouldn't Share': Student-Teachers' Perceptions of ICT in Online Teaching Practice and Online Teaching". Íkala 26 (3): 513-29.

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ikala.v26n3a03

Freddi, Maria. 2021. "Reflection on Digital Language Teaching, Learning, and Assessment in Times of Crisis: A View from Italy". In The World Universities' Response to Covid-19: Remote Online Language Teaching. 1st ed., edited by Nebojša Radić, Anastasia Atabekova, Maria Freddi, and Josef Schmied, 279-93. Research publishing.net.

https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2021.52.1278

Gewalt, Sandra Claudia, Sarah Berger, Regina Krisam, and Markus Breuer. 2022. "Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on University Students' Physical Health, Mental Health and Learning, a Cross-Sectional Study Including 917 Students from Eight Universities in Germany". PLOS ONE 17 (8): e0273928.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273928

Hodges, Charles, Stephanie Moore, Barb Lockee, Torrey Trust, and Aaron Bond. 2020. "The Difference between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning".

https://er.educause.edu/articles/2020/3/the-difference-between-emergency-remote-teaching-and-online-learning

Hoti, Irida, Blerta Dragusha, and Valentina Ndou. 2022. "Online Teaching during the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Albania". Administrative Sciences 12 (3): 116.

https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci12030116

Isaías, Pedro, Paula Miranda, and Sara Pífano. 2021. "Framework for Web 2.0 Implementation in Higher Education: Experts' Validation". Higher Education Quarterly 75 (4): 648-66.

https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12295

Long, Elizabeth Ruth, Franca Poppi, and Sara Radighieri. 2019. "English as a Lingua Franca in the Academic Context: The Role of University Language Centres". Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne 18 (1): 4.

https://doi.org/10.7358/ling-2019-001-long

Luporini, Antonella. 2020. "Implementing an Online English Linguistics Course during the Covid-19 Emergency in Italy: Teacher's and Students' Perspectives". ASp, la revue du GERAS 78: 75-88.

https://doi.org/10.4000/asp.6682

McKenzie, Lindsay. 2021. "Students Want Online Learning Options Post-Pandemic". Inside Higher Ed, April 27.

https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2021/04/27/survey-reveals-positive-outlook-online-instruction-post-pandemic

Mohamed Amin, Maryam, and Norazha Paiman. 2022. "University English Language Teachers' Use of Digital Platforms for Online Teaching". International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning - IJET 17 (20): 134-48.

https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v17i20.31421

Negi, Janak Singh. 2010. "The Role of Teachers' Non-Verbal Communication in ELT Classroom". Journal of NELTA 14 (1): 101-110.

https://doi.org/10.3126/nelta.v14i1.3096

Nkemleke, Daniel A. 2021. "Going Virtual, Staying Face-to-Face: Trajectory of ELT Classes during the Pandemic". In The World Universities' Response to Covid-19: Remote Online Language Teaching. 1st ed., edited by Nebojša Radić, Anastasia Atabekova, Maria Freddi, and Josef Schmied, 49-61. Research-publishing.net.

https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2021.52.1263

Noel, Karam, Rebecca Schmor, Andre Scholze, and Enrica Piccardo. 2022. "Supporting Online Language Education during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Insights into Language Teachers' Use of Action-Oriented, Plurilingual Scenarios in Northern Italy". TESL Ontario 48 (1): 9-18.

O'Reilly, Tim. 2007. "What Is Web 2.0, Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software". Communication & Strategies 1: 17-37.

Poppi, Franca. 2012. Global Interactions in English as a Lingua Franca: How Written Communication Is Changing under the Influence of Electronic Media and New Contexts of Use. Bern: Peter Lang.

https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0351-0508-7

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1008839

Poppi, Franca. In press. "Can We Reconcile ERT (Emergency Remote Teaching) and Best Practices in Language Learning/Teaching?". Iperstoria.

Prensky, Marc. 2001. "Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants". On the Horizon 5 (9).

https://doi.org/10.1108/10748120110424843

Radic, Nebojša, Anastasia Atabekova, Maria Freddi, and Josef Schmied, eds. 2021. The World Universities' Response to Covid-19: Remote Online Language Teaching. Research-publishing.net.

https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2021.52.9782490057924

Rossettini, Giacomo, Tommaso Geri, Andrea Turolla, Antonello Viceconti, Cristina Scumà, Mattia Mirandola, Andrea Dell'Isola, Silvia Gianola, Filippo Ma­selli, and Alvisa Palese. 2021. "Online Teaching in Physiotherapy Education during Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy: A Retrospective Case-Control Study on Students' Satisfaction and Performance". BMC Medical Education 21 (1): 456.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-021-02896-1

Rossi, Enrica. 2019. "I CLA per una moderna glottodidattica. Nuovi approcci, strategie innovative e best practice". Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne 18 (1): 11-16.

https://doi.org/10.7358/ling-2019-001-ross

Schmied, Josef. 2021. "Remote Online Teaching in Modern Languages in Germany: Responses According to Audiences and Teaching Objectives". In The World Universities' Response to Covid-19: Remote Online Language Teaching, edited by Nebojša Radić, Anastasia Atabekova, Maria Freddi, and Josef Schmied, 353-368. Research-publishing.net.

https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2021.52.1283

Stewart, William H., Youngkyun Baek, and Patrick R. Lowenthal. 2022. "From Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) to Sustained Remote Teaching (SRT): A Comparative Semester Analysis of Exchange Students' Experiences and Perceptions of Learning Online During Covid-19". Online Learning Journal 26 (2): 170-197.

https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v26i2.2661

https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/2661




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2023-001-iori

Copyright (©) 2023 Ilaria Iori – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Announcements

Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 1 - Discourses, Methods and Practices of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Belonging: Towards a Global Shared Framework
Edited by Dr. Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) and Dr. Fadia Nordtveit (Springfield College)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process. 
Deadline for papers submission: January 15th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by April 15th, 2024
Final versione due by May 15th, 2024
Publication: by June 2024

More....

Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 2: “The Language of War: Lexicon, Metaphor, Discourse”
Edited by Dr. Anna Anselmo (Università degli Studi di Ferrara), Prof. Kim Grego (Università degli Studi di Milano), and Prof. Andreas Musolff (University of East Anglia)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process.
Deadline for papers submission: June 10th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by September 10th, 2024
Final version due by October 10th, 2024
Publication: by December 2024

More... 


Lingue Culture Mediazioni - Languages Cultures Mediation
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (27/11/2013 n. 380)
Online ISSN 2421-0293 - Print ISSN 2284-1881


Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature, Culture e Mediazioni  
Università degli Studi di Milano


Editors-in-Chief: Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giuliana Garzone (IULM, Milano)
Editorial Board: Marina Brambilla (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Maria Vittoria Calvi (Università degli Studi di Milano) -  Lidia Anna De Michelis (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giovanni Garofalo (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Dino Gavinelli (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Antonella Ghersetti (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Maria Grazia Guido (Università del Salento) - Elena Liverani (IULM, Milano) - Stefania Maci (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Andrea Maurizi (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) - Chiara Molinari (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Ondelli (Università degli Studi di Trieste) - Davide Papotti (Università degli Studi di Parma) - Francesca Santulli (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Girolamo Tessuto (Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) - Giovanni Turchetta (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Vicari (Università degli Studi di Genova)
International Scientific Committee: James Archibald (McGill University, Montreal) - Natalija G. Bragina (Institut Russkogo Jazyka im. A.S. Puškina; RSUH, Mosca) - Kristen Brustad (University of Texas at Austin) - Luciano Curreri (University of Liège) - Hugo de Burgh (University of Westminster) - Giuditta Caliendo (Université de Lille) - Giorgio Fabio Colombo (Nagoya University Graduate School of Law) - Daniel Dejica (Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara) - Anna De Fina (Georgetown University, USA) - Claudio Di Meola, (Sapienza Università di Roma) - Denis Ferraris (Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris) - Lawrence Grossberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) - Stephen Gundle (University of Warwick) - Décio de Alencar Guzmán (Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém,  Brasile) - Matthias Heinz (Universität Salzburg) - Rosina Márquez-Reiter (The Open University) - Samir Marzouki (Université de Manouba à Tunis) - (John McLeod, University of Leeds) - Estrella Montolío Durán (Universitat de Barcelona) - M'bare N'gom (Morgan State University, Baltimore) - Christiane Nord (Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences) - Daragh O'Connell (Cork University) - Roberto Perin (York University, Toronto) - Giovanni Rovere (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) - Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (University of Edinburgh) - Françoise Sabban (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris) - Kirk St.Amant (Louisiana Tech University, University of Limerick/University of Strasbourg) - Paul Sambre (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) - Srikant Sarangi (Aalborg University) - Junji Tsuchiya (Waseda University, Tokyo) - Xu Shi (Zhejiang University)
Section editors: Maria Matilde Benzoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (Modern history) - Paola Cotta Ramusino, Università degli Studi di Milano (Russian linguistics and translation) - Mario de Benedittis, Università degli Studi di Milano (Sociology) - Kim Grego Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giovanna Mapelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Spanish linguistics and translation) - Bettina Mottura, University of Milan (Chinese studies) - Mauro Giacomo Novelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Contemporary Italian literature and culture) - Letizia Osti, Università degli Studi di Milano (Arab studies) - Maria Cristina Paganoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giuseppe Sergio, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italian linguistics) - Virginia Sica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Japanese studies)


Referee List


© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto