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Le dinamiche spaziali ed economiche del turismo religioso in Iran

Carmen Bizzarri


Iran is a country rich in natural resources and major infrastructure predominantly Shiite religious, which attracts many pilgrims, Iranians and foreigners. This contribution beyond describing the phenomenon of tourism-religious in this country, analyzes its effects localized mainly in the city of Mashhad. In this urban area, however, the religious phenomenon is mixed with the tourist so that the current size of the city is due to the very pilgrimage of the devout Shiites. The explosion of religious tourism in Iran is derived from both the spread throughout Middle East due to the presence of Shia religion in those lands of the Iranian people who, having undergone various diasporas, had to migrate to neighboring lands, both by the increased role of religion in social and economic dynamics. In this context, religious viewpoint, the mosque has increased its social role, becoming more and more the center of reference for both civil and religious. The centrality of religion in the life style and the links with the land of birth for migrants expanded the functions of the city of Mashhad that, bordering by Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan, has become the headquarters of the most important Shiite mosque, the pole of the Shiite pilgrimage for all citizens of these areas and most important urban center in the region. The contribution will analyze the phenomenon of tourism in relation to urban expansion taking as a model the functionalist analysis.


Iran; Mashhad; pilgrimage; religious tourism; Shiite religion

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/rst-2014-002-bizz

Copyright (©) 2014 Rivista di Scienze del Turismo - Ambiente Cultura Diritto Economia – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Rivista di Scienze del Turismo. Ambiente Cultura Diritto Economia
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (15/09/2008 n. 530)
Online ISSN 2037-7908 - Print ISSN 2037-7916

Executive Editor: Nicola Boccella - Associate Editor: Azzurra Rinaldi
Editorial Staff: Andrea Billi - Patrizia Laurano - Antonio Magliulo - Angelo Quarto
Editorial Board: Alberto Abruzzese (Iulm Milano), Victor Aquino (Universidade de São Paulo), Sergio Arzeni (Ocse), Piero Barucci (Università degli Studi di Firenze), Nicola Boccella (Sapienza Università di Roma), Michael Crang (Durham University), Anya Diekmann (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Renato Guarini (Sapienza Università di Roma), Roberto Grossi (Federculture), Han Yong Liang (Zhejiang University), Jorge Lozano (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), Michel Maffesoli (Université Paris-Sorbonne), Vanda Perretta (Sapienza Università di Roma), Marina Righetti (Sapienza Università di Roma), Azzurra Rinaldi (Unitelma - Sapienza Università di Roma), Irene Salerno (Sapienza Università di Roma), Pasquale Sandulli (Sapienza Università di Roma), Manuel Valenzuela (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)