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Gli impatti del turismo sull’ambiente e gli effetti del danno ambientale sull’organizzazione turistica

Giuseppe Avena


In Italy the «network» term, applied to ecological problems and conservation, has been introduced since the early 80’s. Today, the National Ecological Network (REN), together with actions on the territorial system, was inserted into the political system at national level. It might be thought to support the voluntary actions of manufacturers and service providers involved in the eco-environment, given that the «European Ecolabel» is a tool for controlling its environmental impacts and provides an increase in competitiveness on the market. It represents the eco-label, which was established in 1992 by the European Community in order to help consumers into identify products that, throughout their life cycle, resulted in lower negative impacts on the environment than other products of the same category. However, the tourism sector is contributing cause of many environmental impacts such as, in the case of commuter travel, and noise emissions in the atmosphere, related to vehicular traffic, as well as peaks are observed in the consumption of water, electricity, heating fuel and in the production of waste and wastewater. To minimize such emissions, any accommodation that wants to deal with the requirements of environmental excellence established at European level, may voluntarily subscribe to the scheme proposed by the European Community through the use of «Ecolabel» applied to tourist accommodation service.

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Copyright (©) – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Rivista di Scienze del Turismo. Ambiente Cultura Diritto Economia
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (15/09/2008 n. 530)
Online ISSN 2037-7908 - Print ISSN 2037-7916

Executive Editor: Nicola Boccella - Associate Editor: Azzurra Rinaldi
Editorial Staff: Andrea Billi - Patrizia Laurano - Antonio Magliulo - Angelo Quarto
Editorial Board: Alberto Abruzzese (Iulm Milano), Victor Aquino (Universidade de São Paulo), Sergio Arzeni (Ocse), Piero Barucci (Università degli Studi di Firenze), Nicola Boccella (Sapienza Università di Roma), Michael Crang (Durham University), Anya Diekmann (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Renato Guarini (Sapienza Università di Roma), Roberto Grossi (Federculture), Han Yong Liang (Zhejiang University), Jorge Lozano (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), Michel Maffesoli (Université Paris-Sorbonne), Vanda Perretta (Sapienza Università di Roma), Marina Righetti (Sapienza Università di Roma), Azzurra Rinaldi (Unitelma - Sapienza Università di Roma), Irene Salerno (Sapienza Università di Roma), Pasquale Sandulli (Sapienza Università di Roma), Manuel Valenzuela (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)