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L’impatto economico e socio-ambientale sul territorio delle innovazioni in ambito turistico

Carmen Bizzarri


In geographic and economic literature, the impacts of innovations in the tourism are quite analyzed. In the first part of this paper, the author tries a definition of innovation in the tourism, because it is necessary to differentiate the characteristic of innovations in tourism in opposite to the industrial sector. An other important distinction is investigated between product innovation and process innovation. In tourism product innovation, in general, has more effects in the destination than process innovation. It is very interesting verify, for example, the ITC technologies have only returned efficiency in tourism services without positive impact on the local community and with negative environmental and social effects in the destination. On the contrary product innovation changes all the economic activities because it enlarges the productive capacity of all tourist system and so local community and the environmental resources have new ways. In the second part of the paper, the positive and negative impacts of product innovation on the destination are analyzed. It is necessary to use economic and geographic tools both for determining the effects of innovations in tourist system and understanding if the innovations are one of the important factors that the hospitality industries choose to localize their facilities. Finally, innovation appears the factor for a new model of localization for tourist industries. This model is so different to the past when the enterprises were concentrated in the central city. Now the tourist industries need to some more space and money than the past and so choose the peripheral area for localization. In this marginal area, in fact, the communication with the local «stakeholders» is direct and the local cultural and environmental resources is more accessible and plentiful than the central areas.

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Copyright (©) – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Rivista di Scienze del Turismo. Ambiente Cultura Diritto Economia
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (15/09/2008 n. 530)
Online ISSN 2037-7908 - Print ISSN 2037-7916

Executive Editor: Nicola Boccella - Associate Editor: Azzurra Rinaldi
Editorial Staff: Andrea Billi - Patrizia Laurano - Antonio Magliulo - Angelo Quarto
Editorial Board: Alberto Abruzzese (Iulm Milano), Victor Aquino (Universidade de São Paulo), Sergio Arzeni (Ocse), Piero Barucci (Università degli Studi di Firenze), Nicola Boccella (Sapienza Università di Roma), Michael Crang (Durham University), Anya Diekmann (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Renato Guarini (Sapienza Università di Roma), Roberto Grossi (Federculture), Han Yong Liang (Zhejiang University), Jorge Lozano (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), Michel Maffesoli (Université Paris-Sorbonne), Vanda Perretta (Sapienza Università di Roma), Marina Righetti (Sapienza Università di Roma), Azzurra Rinaldi (Unitelma - Sapienza Università di Roma), Irene Salerno (Sapienza Università di Roma), Pasquale Sandulli (Sapienza Università di Roma), Manuel Valenzuela (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)