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Una fiaccola per Pan. Un riesame delle testimonianze sulle lampadedromie nell’Atene classica

Roberto Capel Badino

Abstract


Herodotus refers that, after the battle of Marathon, the Athenians introduced the cult of the Arcadic god Pan and started celebrating the new religion with an annual «lampas», commemorating the victory over the Persians. After examination of the ancient sources providing information about Athenian torch-races, I try to demonstrate the final dependence of the grammatical tradition about the catalogue of three Athenian lampadedromiai (in part. Harp. λ 3 Keaney; Phot. γ 22, λ 64, 66 Theodoridis) from one source (Polemo of Ilius) and the dependence of any information about the «lampas» in honour of Pan from Herodotus’ account. The «lampas» for Pan may be better considered not an agonistic event, since the only torch-races as tribal competitions in classical Athens (until Epicrates’ reform) were those in honour of Athena, Hephaistos and Prometheus. Further arguments are discussed about the form of the competition as a relay-race.


Keywords


Athens, Greek religion, Hephaistos, Herodotus, Marathon, Pan, Panathenaia, Photius, Polemo of Ilius, Prometheus, torch-race, Atene, corsa con le torce, Efesto, Erodoto, Fozio, Maratona, Pan, Panatenee, Polemone di Ilio, Prometeo, religione greca

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2017-001-cape




Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Paolo A. Tuci
Editorial Board: Ralf Behrwald - Serena Bianchetti - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Daniela Manetti - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
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