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L’Oriente Vicino: le tradizioni sulla Lidia nello specchio di Erodoto

Francesca Gazzano

Abstract


This paper examines the different images of Lydia and Lydians as they are depicted in Herodotus’ Histories and in the earlier Greek literary tradition, focusing especially on the double-sided portrait of this civilization which seems to stem from the historian’s narrative. It discusses the origins of this ambivalent presentation, due to many reasons, among which the different status of Lydia as an Anatolian region/ethnos and as a powerful State/nation is singled out. Archaeological data and ideological interpretations by the Greek sources are also taken into account, to help clarify the possible roots of the tradition, which made Lydia (and Lydians) a so far, so close world to their Greek neighbours.


Keywords


Creso; Erodoto; Lidi; Lidia; Persian; Xanto; Croesus; Herodotus; Lydia; Lydians; Persians; Xanthus; ancient history; ancient literature; classical philology; ancient law; classics; ancient world; antiquity; ancient Greece; ancient Rome; roman law

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2017-002-gozz




Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Paolo A. Tuci
Editorial Board: Ralf Behrwald - Serena Bianchetti - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Daniela Manetti - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
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