Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

The Political and Paideutic Function of Pleasure in Plato’s Philosophy

Artur Dominik Pacewicz

Abstract


In this paper, I explore the educational and political dimensions of pleasure in Plato’s philosophy. The main texts analysed are the Republic and the Laws. Plato shows clearly the significant role that pleasure plays both in individual human lives (from birth to death) and in society. Importantly, this makes it possible to judge the moral condition of both the individual and the state, and to philosophically justify this judgement.


Keywords


degeneration; education; music; Plato; pleasure; politics; power; degenerazione; educazione; musica; piacere; Platone; politica; potere

Full Text:

PDF

References


J. Adam, The Republic of Plato, vol. II Cambridge 1907.

M. Allen, Nuptial Arithmetic: Marisilio Ficino’s Commentary on the Fatal Number in Book VIII of Plato’s Republic, Berkeley – Los Angeles – Oxford 1994.

T.J. Anderson, Polis and Psyche. A Motif in Plato’s Republic, Götteborg 1971.

M. Auerbach – M. Golias, Gramatyka grecka, Warszawa 1985.

A. Barker, Timaeus on Music and Liver, in M.R. Wright (ed.), Reason and Necessity. Essays on Plato’s Timaeus, London 2000, 85–99.

E. Belfiore, Wine and Catharsis of the Emotions in Plato’s Laws, CQ 36 (1986), 421–437.

A.M. Bowie, Thinking with Drinking: Wine and the Symposium in Aristophanes, JHS 117 (1997), 1–21.

R.S. Brumbaugh, Note on Plato, Republic, IX 587D, CPh 44 (1949), 197–199.

R.S. Brumbaugh, Plato’s Mathematical Imagination. The Mathematical Passages in the Dialogues and Their Interpretation, Bloomington 1954.

T.A. Buckley (transl.), The Odyssey of Homer with the Epigrams and Battle of the Frogs and Mice, London 1851.

J. Burnet (ed.), Plato, Leges, in: Platonis opera, vol. V, Oxford 1967.

R.G. Bury (transl.), Plato, Laws, vol. I–II, Cambridge 1961.

D.L. Cairns, Aidos. The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature, Oxford 1993.

F. Calabi, La nobile menzogna, in Platone, La Repubblica, vol. II, M. Vegetti (cur.), Napoli 1998, 445–457.

F. Calabi, Timocrazia, in Platone, La Repubblica. vol. VI. M. Vegetti (cur.), Napoli 2005, 263–293.

S. Campese, L’oikos e la decadenza delle cità, in Platone, La Repubblica, vol. VI. M. Vegetti (cur.), Napoli 2005, 189–162.

W. J. Cummings, Eros, Epithumia and Philia in Plato, Apeiron 15 (1981), 10–18.

D. de Brasi, L’imagine di Sparta nei dialoghi platonici. Il giudizio di filosofo su una (presunta) pólis modello, Sankt Augustine 2013.

M.W. Dickie, Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World, London – New York 2003.

H. Diels – W. Kranz, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Bd. I–III, Berlin 1960.

E.R. Dodds, Grecy i irracjonalność, Kraków 2002 (The Greeks and the Irrational, Berkeley – Los Angeles – London 1951).

K. Dorter, The Transformation of Plato’s Republic, Lanham – Oxford 2006.

K.J. Dover, Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle, Indianapolis – Cambridge 1974.

K.J. Dover, Homoseksualizm grecki, Kraków 2004 (Greek Homosexauality, Cambridge 1978).

G.R.F. Ferrari, City and Soul in Plato’s Republic, Sankt Augustin 2003.

G.R.F. Ferrari, The Three-Part Soul, in G.R.F Ferrari (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic, Cambridge 2007, 165–201.

N.R.E. Fisher, Hybris. A Study in the Values of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greece, Warminster 1992.

D. Frede, Die ungerechten Verfassungen und die ihnen entsprechenden Menschen, in O. Höffe (hrsg.), Platon. Politeia, Berlin 2005, 251–270.

A. Fuks, The Conditions of ‘Riches’ (ploutos) and of ‘Poverty’ (penia) in Plato’s Republic, in A. Fuks, Social Conflict in Ancient Greece. Jerusalem (the first edition: AncSoc 5 (1974), pp. 63–73).

K.L. Gaca, The Making of Fornication. Eros, Ethics, and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity, Berkeley – Los Angeles – London 2003.

A. Ghibellini, La nobile menzogna, GM 26 (2004), 301–332.

J. Gow, The Nuptial Number. Plato, Rep., VIII, p. 246, JPh 12 (1883), 91–102.

G.M.A. Grube – C.D.C. Reeve (transl.), Plato, Republic, in Plato, Complete Works, ed. by J.M. Cooper, Indianapolis – Cambridge 1997.

S. Halliwell, Aristotle, Poetics, in Aristotle, Poetics, Longinus, On Sublime, Demetrius, On Style, Cambridge – London 1995.

A.B. Hentschke, Politik und Philosophie bei Platon und Aristoteles. Die Stellung der Nomoi im Platonischen Gesamtwerk und die politische Theorie des Aristoteles, Frankfurt 1971.

O. Höffe, Zur Analogie von Individuum und Polis (Buch II 367e–374e), in O. Höffe (hrsg.), Platon. Politeia, Berlin 2005, 69–93.

C.A. Huffman, Philolaus of Croton. Pythagorean and Presocratic. Cambridge – New York – Melbourne 1993.

D.A. Hyland, Erōs, epithumia and philia in Plato, Phronesis 13 (1968), 32–46.

T. Irwin, Plato’s Ethics, Oxford 1995.

W. Jaeger, Paideia. Formowanie człowieka greckiego, Warszawa 2001 (Paideia. Die Formung des griechischen Menschen, Bd. I–III, Berlin 1936–1947).

W.H.S. Jones (transl.), Hippocrates, vol. IV, London – Cambridge 1959.

C.H. Kahn, Plato’s Theory of Desire, RMeta 41 (1987), 77–103.

J. Klein, A Commentary on Plato’s Meno, Chicago – London 1965.

H.J. Krämer, Arete bei Platon und Aristoteles. Zur Wesen und Geschichte der Platonischen Ontologie, Heidelberg 1959.

R. Kühner – B. Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, Bd. II, Hannover – Leipzig 1904.

A. Laks – G.W. Most, Early Greek Philosophy, vol. I–IX, Cambridge – London 2016.

W. Leszl, I primi atomisti. Raccolta dei testi che riguardano Leucippo e Democrito, Firenze 2009.

F.L. Lisi, Einheit und Vielheit des platonischen Nomosbegriffes. Eine Untersuchung zur Beziehung von Philosophie und Politik bei Platon, Königstein/Ts. 1985.

R.C. Lodge, Plato’s Theory of Education, London 2000.

H. Lorenz, The Analysis of the Soul in Plato’s Republic, in G. Santas (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Plato’s Republic, Malden – Oxford – Carlton 2006, 146–165.

P.W. Ludwig, Eros in the Republic, in G.R.F. Ferrari (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic, Cambridge 2007, 202–231.

S. Luria, Democritea. Leningrad 1970.

B. Manuwald, Kommentar, in Platon, Protagoras, B. Manuwald (Übers. & Komm. ), Göttingen 1999, 67–450.

H.-I. Marrou, Historia wychowania w starożytności, Warszawa 1969 (Historie de l’education dans l’Antiquité, Paris 1948).

G.R. Morrow, Plato’s Cretan City. A Historical Interpretation of the Laws, Princeton 1960.

J. Moss, Shame, Pleasure and Divided Soul, OSAPh 29 (2005), 137–170.

E. Moutsopoulos, Motions of Sounds, Bodies, and Souls [Plato, Laws VII. 790e ff.], Prolegomena 1 (2002), 113–119.

E. Moutsopoulos, La musica nell’opera di Platone, Milano 2002 (La musique dans l’oeuvre de Platon, Paris 1959).

A. Pacewicz, Hedonē. Platońska koncepcja przyjemności, Wrocław 2016.

N. Page, Truth about Lies in Plato’s Republic, AncPhil 11 (1991), 1–33.

N. Pappas, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Republic. London – New York 1993.

F. Pelosi, Plato on Music, Soul, and Body, Cambridge 2010.

K.R. Popper, Społeczeństwo otwarte i jego wrogowie. t. 1: Urok Platona Warszawa 1993 (The Open Society and Its Enemies, vol. I: The Spell of Plato, Princeton 1962).

C.D.C. Reeve (transl., introd. & notes), Aristotle, Politics, Indianapolis – Cambridge 1998.

C.D.C. Reeve (transl., introd. & notes), Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Indianapolis – Cambridge 2014.

J. de Romilly, Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece, Cambridge – London 1975.

S. Rosen, The Role of Eros in Plato’s Republic, RMeta 18 (1965), 452–475.

S. Rosen, Plato’s Republic. A Study, New Haven – London 2005.

C.J. Rowe (transl.), Plato, Statesman, in Plato, Complete Works, ed. by J.M. Cooper, Indianapolis – Cambridge 1997.

J. Russo – M. Fernández-Galiano – A. Heubeck, A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey, vol. III, Oxford 1992.

G. Santas, Understanding Plato’s Republic, Malden – Oxford – Chichester 2010.

T.J. Saunders (transl.), Plato, Laws, in Plato, Complete Works, ed. by J.M. Cooper, Indianapolis – Cambridge 1997.

H.J. Schäffer, Phronesis bei Plato, Bochum 1981.

M. Schofield, Noble Lie, in G.F.R. Ferrari (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic, Cambridge 2007, 138–164.

M. Schofield, Music All Pow’rful, in: M.L. McPherran (ed.), Plato’s Republic. A Critical Guide, Cambridge 2010, 229–248.

K. Schöpsdau, Kommentar, in Platon, Nomoi (Gesetze). Buch I–III, K. Schöpsdau (Übers. & Komm.), Göttingen 1994, 147–520.

K. Schöpsdau, Kommentar, in: Platon, Nomoi (Gesetze). Buch IV–XII, K. Schöpsdau (Übers. & Komm.), Göttingen 2003, 131–633.

K. Schöpsdau, Kommentar, in Platon, Nomoi (Gesetze). Buch VIII–XII, K. Schöpsdau (Übers. & Komm.), Göttingen 2011, 161–606.

M. Solinas, Desideri: fenomenologia degenerativa e strategie di controllo, in Platone, Repubblica, vol. VI, M. Vegetti (cur.), Napoli 2005, 471–498.

R.F. Stalley, An Introduction to Plato’s Laws, Indianapolis 1983.

L. Strauss, O tyranii. Kraków 2009 (On Tyranny: An Interpretation of Xenophon’s Hiero, New York 1948).

C.C.W. Taylor, The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus. Fragments. Toronto – Buffalo – London 1999.

E. Voeglin, Platon, Warszawa 2009 (Plato, Columbia 2000).

W. Wieland, Platon und die Formen des Wissens, Göttingen 1982.

B. Williams, The Analogy of City and Soul in Plato’s Republic, in E.N. Lee, A.P.D. Mourelatos, R.M. Rorty (eds.), Exegesis and Argument, Assen 1973, 196–206.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2019-001-pace


Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Paolo A. Tuci
Editorial Board: Ralf Behrwald - Serena Bianchetti - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Daniela Manetti - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
Emeritus Editorial Board:  Lia Raffaella Cresci - Ugo Fantasia - Rosalia Marino - Riccardo Vattuone 


Referee List