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La translatio imperii dal mondo greco al mondo romano

Franca Landucci

Abstract


The concept of translatio imperii which, in the most wellknown and widespread scheme in the ancient world, consists in the succession Assyrians - Medes - Persians - Macedonians, has by now become an interpretative category of world history. In the ancient world, the first traces of the translatio imperii, even if still only Asian, can be found in Herodotus. After then the Macedonian world is added during the Hellenistic period and, starting from the 2nd century BC, the power of Rome, often described by Roman historiography as the final and definitive one. Christian historiography too uses the scheme of the translatio imperii, joining the models of Greek-Roman and Jewish historiography, as we see in the Historiae adversus paganos by Paulus Orosius, written between 417 and 418 AD, in the hope (or better in the illusion) that the continuity of the Roman empire (by then become Christian) was still assured.


Keywords


Macedoni; Orosio; Persiani; Romani; translatio imperii; Macedonians; Orosius; Persians; Romans; translatio imperii

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2018-002-land




Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Paolo A. Tuci
Editorial Board: Ralf Behrwald - Serena Bianchetti - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Daniela Manetti - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
Emeritus Editorial Board:  Lia Raffaella Cresci - Ugo Fantasia - Rosalia Marino - Riccardo Vattuone 


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