Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Notes on the Tradition of the Peace of Callias

Giovanni Parmeggiani

Abstract


An examination of Plut. Cim. 13, 4-5 and Harp. Α 261 Keaney s.v. Ἀττικοῖς γράμμασιν suggests that fourth-century historians Callisthenes (FGrHist 124 F 16) and Theopompus (FGrHist 115 F 154) challenged the view of contemporary Athenians – attested especially in rhetorical writings – that the Peace of Callias was concluded in the 460s BC in the aftermath of the battle at the river Eurymedon. Such a view described the peace as unilateral, i.e., not implying any obligation on the part of the Athenians. The fact that Callisthenes and Theopompus did not accept that tradition, doesn’t imply, per se, that they believed that no peace between Athens and Persia was ever concluded in the V century BC. On the contrary, the peace of 449 BC, as described by Diodorus in XII 4, 4-6 on the basis of fourth-century sources (Ephorus among them), was bilateral, i.e., it implied obligations on both sides (Athens and Persia); whether Callisthenes and Theopompus also disputed that peace was made in 449, is unclear. In addition, this paper explores the possibility of changing the unknown Νέσσου ποταμοῦ with Νείλου ποταμοῦ in the so called ‘Aristodemus’ (FGrHist 104 F 1, 13, 2).


Keywords


Aristodemus; Athens; Callisthenes; Diodorus; Ephorus; Harpocration; Peace of Callias; Persia; Plutarch; Theopompus – Aristodemo; Arpocrazione; Atene; Callistene; Diodoro; Eforo; Pace di Callia; Persia; Plutarco; Teopompo.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badian 1987 E. Badian, The Peace of Callias, JHS 107 (1987), 1-39.

Badian 1993 E. Badian, From Plataea to Potidaea. Studies in the History and Historiography of the Pentecontaetia, Baltimore – London 1993.

Bengtson 1975 H. Bengtson (hg.), Die Staatsverträge des Altertums, II2, Die Verträge der griechisch-römischen Welt von 700 bis 338 v. Chr., München 1975.

Bosworth 1990 A.B. Bosworth, Plutarch, Callisthenes and the Peace of Callias, JHS 90 (1990), 1-13.

Carawan 2007 E. Carawan, s.v. Krateros the Macedon (342), in J. Worthington (ed.), Brill’s New Jacoby, 2007.

Casevitz 1972 M. Casevitz (éd.), Diodore de Sicile, Bibliothèque historique, Livre XII. Texte établi et traduit par M.C., Paris 1972.

Cawkwell 1997 G.L. Cawkwell, The Peace between Athens and Persia, Phoenix 51 (1997), 114-125.

Cawkwell 2005 G.L. Cawkwell, The Greek Wars: The Failure of Persia, Oxford 2005.

Cohen-Skalli 2012 A. Cohen-Skalli, Diodore de Sicile, Bibliothèque historique, Fragments, I, Livres VI-X, texte établi, traduit et commentè par A.C.-S., Paris 2012.

Connor 1968 W.R. Connor, Theopompus and Fifth-century Athens, Washington 1968.

Engels 1998 J. Engels, 1002 (= 107). Stesimbrotos of Thasos, in J. Bollansée – J. Engels – G. Schepens – E. Theys (eds.), Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker Continued, IVA 1, 40-77.

Erdas 2002 D. Erdas (a c. di), Cratero il Macedone. Testimonianze e Frammenti, Tivoli 2002.

Fage 1978 J.D. Fage (ed.), The Cambridge History of Africa, II, Cambidge 1978.

Flower 1994 M.A. Flower, Theopompus of Chios. History and Rhetoric in the Fourth Century BC, Oxford 1994.

Fornara 1977 C.W. Fornara (ed.), Archaic Times to the End of the Peloponnesian War, Cambridge 1977.

Fornara – Samons 1991 C.W. Fornara – L.J. Samons II, Athens from Cleisthenes to Pericles, Berkeley – Los Angeles – Oxford 1991.

Green 2006 P. Green, Diodorus Siculus: Books 11-12.37.1: Greek History, 480-431 BC. The Alternative Version, Austin 2006.

Hartmann 2013 A. Hartmann, Cui vetustas fidem faciat: Inscriptions and other Material Relics of the Past in Graeco-Roman Antiquity, in P. Liddel – P. Low (eds.), Inscriptions and Their Uses in Greek and Latin Literature, Oxford 2013, 33-63.

Hornblower 2003 S. Hornblower, A Commentary on Thucydides. Volume I: Boks I-III, Oxford 2003.

Hornblower 2008 S. Hornblower, A Commentary on Thucydides. Volume III: Books 5.25-8.109, Oxford 2008.

Hyland 2018 J.O. Hyland, Persian Interventions: The Achaemenid Empire, Athens, and Sparta, 450-386 BCE, Baltimore 2018.

Jacoby 1919 F. Jacoby, s.v. Kallisthenes (2), RE X 2 (1919), 1674-1726.

Krentz 2009 P. Krentz, The Athenian Treaty in Theopompos F 153, Phoenix 63 (2009), 231-238.

Liuzzo 2015 P. Liuzzo, Aristodemo in Cod. Par. Suppl. Gr. 607, Erga-Logoi 3 (2015), 101-122.

Meiggs 1972 R. Meiggs, The Athenian Empire, Oxford 1972.

Meister 1982 K. Meister, Die Ungeschichtlichkeit des Kalliasfriedens und deren historische Folgen, Wiesbaden 1982.

Meyer 1899 E. Meyer, Forschungen zur alten Geschichte, II, Halle 1899.

Morison 2014 W.S. Morison, s.v. Theopompos of Chios (115), in J. Worthington (ed.), Brill’s New Jacoby, 2014.

Muccioli 2012 F. Muccioli, La storia attraverso gli esempi. Protagonisti e interpretazioni del mondo greco in Plutarco, Milano – Udine 2012.

Osborne – Rhodes 2017 R. Osborne – P.J. Rhodes (eds.), Greek Historical Inscriptions 478-404 BC, Oxford – New York 2017.

Parmeggiani 2011 G. Parmeggiani, Eforo di Cuma. Studi di storiografia greca, Bologna 2011.

Pownall 2008 F. Pownall, Theopompos and the Public Documentation of Fifth-century Athens, in C.R. Cooper (ed.), Epigraphy and the Greek Historian, Toronto 2008, 119-128.

Pownall 2020 F. Pownall, Politics ad the Pamphlet of Stesimbrotus of Thasos, Mouseion 17 (2020), 125-149.

Prandi 1985 L. Prandi, Callistene. Uno storico tra Aristotele e i re macedoni, Milano 1985.

Radicke 1995 J. Radicke, Die Rede des Demosthenes für die Freiheit der Rhodier (or. 15), Stuttgart-Leipzig 1995.

Rhodes – Osborne 2003 P.J. Rhodes – R. Osborne (eds.), Greek Historical Inscriptions 404-323 BC, Oxford – New York 2003.

Rzepka 2016 J. Rzepka, Kallisthenes (124), in J. Worthington (ed.), Brill’s New Jacoby, 2016.

Samons 1998 L.J. Samons II, Kimon, Kallias and the Peace with Persia, Historia 47 (1998), 129-140.

Schwartz 1900 E. Schwartz, Kallisthenes Hellenika, Hermes 35 (1900), 106-130.

Shrimpton 1991 G.S. Shrimpton, Theopompus the Historian, Montreal & Kingston – London – Buffalo 1991.

Sordi 2002 (1971) M. Sordi, La vittoria dell’Eurymedonte e le due spedizioni di Cimone a Cipro, in Scritti di storia greca, Milano 2002, 323-339 (= RSA 1 (1971), 33-48).

Stadter 1989 P.A. Stadter, A Commentary on Plutarch’s Pericles, Chapel Hill – London 1989.

Stylianou 1992 P.J. Stylianou, The Untenability of Peace with Persia in the 460s B.C., in Melštai kaˆ `Upomn»mata, II, Leucosia 1992, 339-371.

Vannicelli 2014 P. Vannicelli, Il giuramento di Platea: aspetti storici e storiografici, in L.M. Caliò – E. Lippolis – V. Parisi (a c. di), Gli Ateniesi e il loro modello di città. Seminari di storia e archeologia greca I (Roma, 25-26 giugno 2012), Roma 2014, 77-88.

Vattuone 2017 R. Vattuone, Pericle. Storia, tradizione, mito, Bologna 2017.

Vogel 1890 F. Vogel (ed.), Diodorus, Bibliotheca historica, II, Lipsiae 1890.

Wade-Gery 1940 H.T. Wade-Gery, The Peace of Kallias, in Athenian Studies Presented to W.S. Ferguson, Cambridge Ma. 1940, 121-156.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2020-002-parm

Copyright (c) 2020 Giovanni Parmeggiani – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Paolo A. Tuci  (Coordinator) - Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Annabella Oranges - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Alessandra Valentini 
Editorial Board: Gaetano Arena - Ralf Behrwald - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Roberto Nicolai - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - Stefan Schorn - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
Emeritus Editorial Board:  Serena Bianchetti - Lia Raffaella Cresci - Ugo Fantasia - Rosalia Marino - Riccardo Vattuone 


Referee List