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Cristianesimo delle origini e politica linguistica

Alberto Barzanò

Abstract


The Roman world was a multilingual community. Aiming on one side to ensure effective communication (as Latin was not so widely known and spoken) but not to encourage nationalistic revivals on the other, Romans choose Greek as an additional official language. Indeed, Greek, by then already deprived of any national character, was already used as a ‘lingua franca’ in the eastern Mediterranean. Despite Jewish tendency to refer to Hebrew as a mark of national and religious identity, early Christianity adopted (and maintained until the second half of the II century) Greek as its own language. This choice was not only due to practical considerations related to communication needs, but also to more ‘political’ reasons, and therefore it must be framed in the more general friendly approach to the Roman empire which was always taught during his life by Jesus and was practiced by him even in front of Pilate.


Keywords


primo cristianesimo; giudaismo; greco; Impero romano; lingua franca; multilinguismo; politica linguistica – Early Christianity; Greek; Judaism; linguistic policy; multilingualism; Roman Empire.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2021-001-barz

Copyright (©) 2021 Alberto Barzanò – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

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Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


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