Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Maximus of Tyre on the Zeus of Homer and Plato

Mikolaj Domaradzki, Tomasz Bednarek


The present article discusses the ingenious account of Zeus that was put forward by Maximus of Tyre in his Orations IV and XXVI. When reading into Homer various Platonic and Stoic concepts, Maximus originally amalgamates the notion of Demiurge with that of Providence. As he thus unearths Homer’s latent theology, Maximus not only praises the heritage of Greek culture but also demonstrates the close affinity between poetry and philosophy.


allegoresis; demiurge; fate; Homer; Maximus of Tyre; Plato; providence; Stoics – allegoresi; demiurgo; fato; Massimo di Tiro; Omero; Platone; provvidenza; Stoici.

Full Text:



Anderson 1993

G. Anderson, The Second Sophistic: A Cultural Phenomenon in the Roman Empire, London - New York 1993.

Biondi 2015

F. Biondi, Teagene di Reggio rapsodo e interprete di Omero, Pisa - Roma 2015.

Boys-Stones 2001

G.R. Boys-Stones, Post-Hellenistic Philosophy: A Study of Its Development from the Stoics to Origen, Oxford 2001.

Brisson 1996

L. Brisson, Introduction à la philosophie du mythe, I, Sauver les mythes, Pa-ris 1996.

Brumana 2019

S.I.S. Brumana (a cura di), Massimo di Tiro, Dissertazioni. Saggio introdut-tivo, traduzione, note e apparati, Milano 2019.

Buffière 1956

F. Buffière, Les mythes d'Homère et la pensée grecque, Paris 1956.

Daouti 2016

P. Daouti, Homère chez Maxime de Tyr, in F. Fauquier - B. Pérez-Jean (éds.), Maxime de Tyr, entre rhétorique et philosophie au IIe siècle de notre ère, Montpellier 2016, 59-76.

Dillon 1996

J.M. Dillon, The Middle Platonists: 80 B.C. to A.D. 220, Ithaca, NY 19962 (revised edition with a new afterword).

Domaradzki 2010

M. Domaradzki, Allegoresis in the Fifth Century BC, Eos 97 (2010), 233-248.

Domaradzki 2011

M. Domaradzki, Theagenes of Rhegium and the Rise of Allegorical Inter-pretation, Elenchos 32 (2011), 205-227.


Domaradzki 2017

M. Domaradzki, The Beginnings of Greek Allegoresis, CW 110 (2017), 299-321.


Domaradzki 2020a

M. Domaradzki, Marrying Stoicism with Platonism? Pseudo-Plutarch's Use of the Circe Episode, AJPh 141 (2020), 211-239.


Domaradzki 2020b

M. Domaradzki, Of Nymphs and Sea: Numenius on Souls and Matter in Homer's Odyssey, G&R 67 (2020), 139-150.


Domaradzki 2021

M. Domaradzki, Plutarch's Fragment 157 and Epideictic, GRBS 61 (2021), 34-61.

Engberg-Pedersen 2017

T. Engberg-Pedersen, Introduction: A Historiographical Essay, in Id. (ed.), From Stoicism to Platonism: The Development of Philosophy, 100 BCE - 100 CE, Cambridge 2017, 1-26.


Gould 1990

T. Gould, The Ancient Quarrel between Poetry and Philosophy, Princeton 1990.


Harnack 1916

A. von Harnack (hrsg.), Porphyrius, «Gegen die Christen». 15 Bücher: Zeugnisse, Fragmente und Referate, Berlin 1916.

Hillgruber 1999

M. Hillgruber, Die pseudoplutarchische Schrift De Homero, II, Kommentar zu den Kapiteln 74-218, Stuttgart 1999.


Hobein 1910

H. Hobein (ed.), Maximi Tyrii philosophumena, Leipzig 1910.

Isnardi Parente 1981

M. Isnardi Parente (a cura di), Senocrate - Ermodoro, Frammenti. Edizio-ne, traduzione e commento, Napoli 1981.

Kahn 1979

C.H. Kahn, The Art and Thought of Heraclitus: An Edition of the Frag-ments with Translation and Commentary, Cambridge 1979.

Kannicht 1980

R. Kannicht, «Der alte Streit zwischen Philosophie und Dichtung». Zwei Vorlesungen über Grundzüge der griechischen Literaturauffassung, AU 23 (1980), 6-36.

Keaney - Lamberton 1996

J.J. Keaney - R. Lamberton, [Plutarch], Essay on the Life and Poetry of Homer, Atlanta, GA 1996.

Kindstrand 1973

J.F. Kindstrand, Homer in der Zweiten Sophistik: Studien zu der Homerle-ktüre und dem Homerbild bei Dion von Prusa, Maximos von Tyros und Ailios Aristeides, Uppsala 1973.

Kindstrand 1990

J.F. Kindstrand (ed.), [Plutarchus], De Homero, Leipzig 1990.

Koniaris 1995

G.L. Koniaris (ed.), Maximus Tyrius, Philosophumena - Διαλέξεις, Berlin - New York 1995.


Lamberton 1986

R. Lamberton, Homer the Theologian: Neoplatonist Allegorical Reading and the Growth of the Epic Tradition, Berkeley, CA 1986.

Levin 2001

S.B. Levin, The Ancient Quarrel between Philosophy and Poetry Revisited: Plato and the Greek Literary Tradition, Oxford 2001.

Männlein-Robert 2002

I. Männlein-Robert, «Wissen um die göttlichen und die menschlichen Din-ge». Eine Philosophiedefinition Platons und ihre Folgen, WJA 26 (2002), 13-38.

Männlein-Robert 2018

I. Männlein-Robert, Maximos von Tyros, in Ch. Riedweg - Ch. Horn - D. Wyrwa (hrsgg.), Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie: die Philosophie der Antike, V, 1, Philosophie der Kaiserzeit und der Spätantike, Basel 2018, 659-664, 703-704.

O'Brien 2015

C.S. O'Brien, The Demiurge in Ancient Thought: Secondary Gods and Di-vine Mediators, Cambridge 2015.


Pépin 1976

J. Pépin, Mythe et allégorie. Les origines grecques et les contestations ju-déo-chrétiennes, Paris 1976.

Radice 2020

R. Radice, I nomi che parlano: l'allegoria filosofica dalle origini al II sec. d.C., Brescia 2020.

Ramelli - Lucchetta 2004

I. Ramelli - G. Lucchetta, Allegoria, I, L'età classica, Milano 2004.

Ramelli 2014

I. Ramelli, Valuing Antiquity in Antiquity by Means of Allegoresis, in J. Ker - C. Pieper (eds.), Valuing the Past in the Greco-Roman World, Leiden - Boston 2014, 485-507.


Reydams-Schils 2013

G. Reydams-Schils, The Academy, the Stoics and Cicero on Plato's Timae-us, in A.G. Long (ed.), Plato and the Stoics, Cambridge 2013, 29-58.


Reydams-Schils 2017

G. Reydams-Schils, Maximus of Tyre on God and Providence, in R. Sea-ford - J. Wilkins - M. Wright (eds.), Selfhood and the Soul: Essays on An-cient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill, Oxford 2017, 125-138.


Saudelli 2016

L. Saudelli, Maxime de Tyr, les Présocratiques et le médioplatonisme, in F. Fauquier - B. Pérez-Jean (éds.), Maxime de Tyr, entre rhétorique et philo-sophie au IIe siècle de notre ère, Montpellier 2016, 77-93.

Schibli 1990

H.S. Schibli, Pherekydes of Syros, Oxford 1990.

Trapp 1990

M.B. Trapp, Plato's Phaedrus in Second-Century Greek Literature, in D.A. Russell (ed.), Antonine Literature, Oxford 1990, 141-173.

Trapp 1994

M.B. Trapp (ed.), Maximus Tyrius, Dissertationes, Stuttgart - Leipzig 1994.


Trapp 1997a

M.B. Trapp (ed.), Maximus of Tyre, The Philosophical Orations. Translat-ed, with an Introduction and Notes, Oxford 1997.

Trapp 1997b

M.B. Trapp, Philosophical Sermons: The «Dialexeis» of Maximus of Tyre, ANRW II 34.3 (1997), 1945-1976.


Trapp 2018

M.B. Trapp, on F. Fauquier - B. Pérez-Jean (éds.), Maxime de Tyr, entre rhétorique et philosophie au IIe siècle de notre ère, Montpellier 2016, in PhilosAnt 18 (2018), 303-306.


Wehrli 1928

F. Wehrli, Zur Geschichte der allegorischen Deutung Homers im Altertum, Borna - Leipzig 1928.

Whitmarsh 2005

T. Whitmarsh, The Second Sophistic, Cambridge 2005

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2021-002-dobe

Copyright (©) 2021 Mikolaj Domaradzki – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Erga/Logoi accepts books for review
The books are to be sent to the Executive Editor

Call for papers Vol. 13 (2025) 
Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process.  

Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678

Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Paolo A. Tuci  (Coordinator) - Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Laura Loddo - Annabella Oranges -  Alessandra Valentini 
Editorial Board: Gaetano Arena - Ralf Behrwald - Margherita Cassia - Paolo Cesaretti - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Roberto Nicolai - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - Stefan Schorn - Paolo A. Tuci - Gianpaolo Urso - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
Emeritus Editorial Board:  Serena Bianchetti - Giovannella Cresci - Lia Raffaella Cresci - Ugo Fantasia - Franca Landucci - Rosalia Marino - Riccardo Vattuone 

Referee List

© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto