Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

‘Casta Sibylla’? Ritratti di Sibille nella raccolta degli ‘Oracula Sibyllina’

Nicoletta Brocca

Abstract


It is universally known that the Sibyl was a virgin prophetess; yet, in the
Sibylline Oracles she does not at all present herself as a parthenos. She says she is the daughter-in-law of Noah in Orac. Sib. I 280-290 and, probably, in III 823-827 as well; the (unfaithful?) wife of a most wealthy man in Orac. Sib. II 340-345, where she confesses to having neglected her marriage, behaving like a kunopis and an anaidēs; finally, a sinner and a «serial lover» in Orac. Sib. VII 151-162. Furthermore, in Orac. Sib. III 812-813 she claims that the Greeks would have called her an anaidēs from Erythrae. The present article deals
with all these passages, but it is mainly focused on the epilogues of books III and VII. The first section of the article discusses the unflattering opinions that, according to the Jewish author of ll. III 813-818, the Greeks would have had of the Erythrean Sibyl, in order to detect their possible motivations (see the Epilogue). After a brief section on the passages of book I/II, the third section examines the main textual issues of the epilogue of book VII and proposes a new interpretation of this Sibyl’s confession in the light of Act 7, 55-56.


Keywords


Christian Sibyl; Erythraean Sibyl; Jewish-Hellenistic literature; Orac. Sib. I 280-290; Orac. Sib. II 339-345; Orac. Sib. III 809-827; Orac. Sib. VII 151-162; Sibylline Oracles; Letteratura giudaico-ellenistica; Oracoli sibillini; Sibilla cristiana

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexandre 18692 – C. Alexandre (cur.), Χρησμοὶ Σιβυλλιακοί / Oracula Sibyllina, Paris 18692.

Amiotti 1993 – G. Amiotti, Il rapporto fra gli oracoli sibillini e l’«Alessandra» di Licofrone, in M. Sordi (a cura di), La profezia nel mondo antico (CISA 19), Milano 1993, 139-149.

Aune 1996 – D.E. Aune, La profezia nel primo cristianesimo e il mondo mediterraneo antico, Brescia 1996 (Prophecy in Early Christianity and the Ancient Mediterranean World, Grand Rapids 1983, 19912).

Blass 1900 – F. Blass, Die Sibyllinischen Orakeln, in E. Kautzsch (hrsg.), Die Apokryphen und Pseudepigraphen des Alten Testaments, II, Tubingen 1900.

Bleek 1819 – F. Bleek, Uber die Entstehung und Zusammensetzung der uns in 8 Buchern erhaltenen Sammlung Sibyllinischer Orakel, ThZ 1 (1819), 120-246.

Brocca 2011 – N. Brocca, Lattanzio, Agostino e la «Sibylla maga». Ricerche sulla fortuna degli «Oracula Sibyllina» nell’Occidente latino, Roma 2011.

Buitenwerf 2003 – R. Buitenwerf, Book 3 of the Sibylline Oracles and Its Social Setting, with an Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, Leiden 2003.

Buresch 1891 – K. Buresch, Die pseudosibyllinischen Orakeln und ihre letzte Bearbeitung, NJPhP 143 (1891), 529-555.

Buresch 1892a – K. Buresch, Die sibyllinische Quellgrotte in Erytrhae, Mitteilungen des kaiserlichen Deutschen archäologischen Instituts. Athenische Abteilungen 17 (1892), 16-36.

Buresch 1892b – K. Buresch, Kritischer Brief uber die falschen Sibyllinen, Philologus 51 (1892), 84-112, 422-464.

Buresch 1892c – K. Buresch, Pseudosibyllinisches, RhM 74 (1892), 329-358.

Cairns 1993 – D.L. Cairns, «Aidōs». The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature, Oxford 1993.

Camassa 2005 – G. Camassa, La sibilla giudaica di Alessandria e la profezia finale dell’Alessandra di Licofrone, in G. Camassa, La sibilla giudaica di Alessandria. Ricerche di storia delle religioni, Firenze 2005, 208-224.

Carson 1990 – A. Carson, Putting Her in Her Place: Woman, Dirt, and Desire, in D.M. Halperin - J.J. Winkler - F.I. Zeitlin (eds.) Before Sexuality. The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World, Princeton 1990, 135-169.

Cervelli 2011 – I. Cervelli, Questioni sibilline, Venezia 2011.

Collins 1987 – J.J. Collins, The Development of the Sibylline Tradition, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II.20.I, Berlin - New York 1987, 421-453.

Collins 20002 – J.J. Collins, Between Athens and Jerusalem. Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (2nd ed.), Grand Rapids 20002.

Denis 1970 – A.-M. Denis, Introduction aux pseudépigraphes grecs de l’Ancien Testament, Leiden 1970.

Denis 2000 – A.-M. Denis (ed.), Introduction à la littérature religieuse judéohellénistique, avec le concours de J.-C. Haelewyck, Turnhout 2000.

Erbetta 1969 – M. Erbetta, Gli Oracoli Sibillini cristiani, in M. Erbetta (a cura di), Gli Apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento, III, Torino 1969, 487-540.

Feldman 1993 – L. H. Feldman, Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World: Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian, Princeton 1993.

Franco 2003 – C. Franco, Senza ritegno. Il cane e la donna nell’immaginario della Grecia antica, Bologna 2003.

Franco 2010 – C. Franco, Il mito di Circe, in M. Bettini - C. Franco, Il mito di Circe. Immagini e racconti dalla Grecia a oggi, Torino 2010, 23-347.

Geffcken 1902 – Die «Oracula Sibyllina», hrsg. von J. Geffcken, Leipzig 1902.

Ginzberg 19953 (1925; 1953) – L. Ginzberg, Le leggende degli Ebrei, I, Dalla creazione al diluvio, Milano 19953 (The Legends of the Jews, Philadelphia 1925; 1953 per l’apparato di note).

Gruen 1998 – E.S. Gruen, Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition, Berkley - Los Angeles - London 1998.

Hengel 1972 – M. Hengel, Anonymitat, Pseudepigraphie und «Literarische Falschung» in der judisch-hellenistischen Literatur, in K. Von Fritz (ed.), Pseudepigrapha I, Pseudopythagorica - Lettres de Platon - Littérature pseudépigraphique juive (Fondation Hardt XVIII), Geneve 1972, 229-329.

Kuhner - Gerth II – R. Kuhner - B. Gerth (hrsg.), Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, II, Hannover 1892.

Kurfess 1914 – A. Kurfess, Die Sibylle uber sich selbst (Or. Sib. II 339/45; VII 151/62), Mnemosyne 9, 3 (1914), 195-198.

Kurfess 1941 – A. Kurfess, «Oracula Sibyllina» I/II, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Älteren Kirche 40 (1941), 151-160.

Kurfess 1951 – Sibyllinische Weissagungen. Urtext und Übersetzung, hrsg. von A. Kurfess, Munchen 1951.

Kurfess 1958 – A. Kurfess, «Dies irae» (Zum sog. II. Buch der «Oracula Sibyllina»), HJ 77 (1958), 328-338.

Lampe 1961 – G.W.H. Lampe, A Patristic Greek Lexicon, Oxford 1961.

LGNT – Lexicon Graecum Novi Testamenti, auctore F. Zorell, editio tertia quae est editio altera, Parisiis 1961.

Lightfoot 2007 – J. Lightfoot, The Sibylline Oracles, with Introduction, Translation and Commentary on the First and Second Books, Oxford 2007.

Lincoln 1998 – B. Lincoln, La morte della Sibilla e le origini mitiche delle pratiche divinatorie, in I. Chirassi Colombo - T. Seppilli (a cura di), Sibille e linguaggi oracolari. Mito Storia Tradizione. Atti del Convegno (Macerata - Norcia, settembre 1994), Macerata 1998, 209-221.

Momigliano 1987 – A. Momigliano, Dalla Sibilla pagana alla Sibilla cristiana: profezia come storia della religione, ANSP, Classe di Lettere e Filosofia, s. III, 17 (1987), 407-428.

Monaca 2008 – Oracoli sibillini. Introduzione, traduzione e note, a cura di M. Monaca, Roma 2008.

Mora 2004 – F. Mora, La Sibylle seductrice dans les romans en prose du XIIIe siecle: une Sibylle parodique?, in M. Bouquet - F. Morzadec (éd.), La Sibylle. Parole et représentation, Rennes 2004, 197-209.

Mras 1907 – K. Mras, «Babylonische» und «erythraische» Sibylle, WS 29 (1907), 25-49.

Nickelsburg 1984 – G.W. Nickelsburg, The Bible Rewritten and Expanded, in M.E. Stone (ed.), Jewish of the Second Temple Period. Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus, Assen - Philadelphia 1984, 89-156.

Nikiprowetzky 1970 – V. Nikiprowetzky, La troisième sibylle, Paris 1970.

Nikiprowetzky 1987 – V. Nikiprowetzky, La Sibylle juive et le troisième livre des pseudo-oracles sibyllins depuis Charles Alexandre, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II.20.1, Berlin - New-York 1987, 460-452.

Parke 1986 – H.W. Parke, Further Comments on «Epica religiosa» (ZPE 50, 1983, 1-6). A Sibylline Oracle, ZPE 63 (1986), 47-51.

Parke 1988 – H.W. Parke, Sibyls and Sibylline Oracles in Classical Antiquity, London - New York 1988.

Roessli 2005 – J.-M. Roessli, Oracles sibyllins. Texte traduit, présenté et annoté, in P. Geoltrain - J.D. Kaestli (ed.), Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, II, Paris 2005, 1045-1083.

Rzach 1891 – A. Rzach (cur.), Χρησμοὶ Σιβυλλιακοί / Oracula Sibyllina, Prague 1891.

Rzach 1923 – A. Rzach, s.v. Sibyllen, in RE II.A.2, Stuttgart 1923, coll. 2073-2103.

Sacchi 1993 (1981) – P. Sacchi (a cura di), Apocrifi dell’Antico Testamento, con la collaborazione di L. Fusella - L. Rosso Ubigli, II, Firenze 1993 (Torino 1981).

Schurer 1898 – E. Schurer, Geschichte des jüdischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi, III, Das Judenthum in der Zerstreuung und die jüdische Literatur, Leipzig 1898.

Schurer 1997 – E. Schurer, Storia del popolo giudaico al tempo di Gesù Cristo, III/1, Brescia 1997 (The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.-A.D. 135), III/1, a new English version revised and edited by G. Vermes - F. Millar - M. Goodman, Edinburgh 1986).

Simon 19892 – M. Simon, Sur quelques aspects des Oracles sibyllins juifs, in D. Hellholm (ed.), Apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East. Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Apocalypticism, Tubingen 19892, 219-233.

Sissa 1992 – G. Sissa, La verginità in Grecia, Bari 1992.

Suárez de la Torre 2002 – E. Suárez de la Torre, Oraculos Sibillinos, in A. Diez Macho (dir.), Apócrifos del Antiguo Testamento, III, Madrid 2002, 329-603.

Waßmuth 2011 – O. Wasmuth, Sibyllinische Orakel 1-2. Studien und Kommentar, Leiden - Boston 2011.

Yarnall 1994 – J. Yarnall, Transformations of Circe: The History of an Enchantress, Urbana - Chicago 1994.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/erga-2016-001-broc

Copyright (©) 2016 Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie




Erga-Logoi. Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (20/09/2012 n. 353)
Online ISSN 2282-3212 - Print ISSN 2280-9678


Executive Editor: Cinzia Bearzot
Editorial Staff: Paolo A. Tuci  (Coordinator) - Marcello Bertoli - Livia De Martinis - Laura Loddo - Annabella Oranges -  Alessandra Valentini 
Editorial Board: Gaetano Arena - Ralf Behrwald - Paolo Cesaretti - Giovannella Cresci - Bernard Eck - Michele Faraguna - Massimo Gioseffi - Franca Landucci - Dominique Lenfant - Lauretta Maganzani - Roberto Nicolai - Giovanni Parmeggiani - Marina Polito - Umberto Roberto - Francesca Rohr - Marco Sannazaro - Stefan Schorn - Gianpaolo Urso - José Vela Tejada - Robert Wallace
Emeritus Editorial Board:  Serena Bianchetti - Lia Raffaella Cresci - Ugo Fantasia - Rosalia Marino - Riccardo Vattuone 


Referee List


© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto