Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Terra di civiltà e di barbarie: rappresentazioni cinematografiche della Grecia degli altri, tra autenticità e mistificazione

Sara Giovansana


Talking about Greece nowadays does not only mean becoming aware of the immense cultural, social, and linguistic heritage which characterizes the country, but also accepting the huge change which is affecting the nation. The paper focuses on the international cinematographic account on Greece in order to explore the spectrum of non-Greek visions concerning Greek life, history, culture, and traditions. The work is aimed – through the analysis of both American and Italian movies – at outlining stereotypes and authentic elements of the foreign movie industry’s representation of “Greekness”, browsing some of its most typical leitmotifs. In this respect, noteworthy examples are: the ancient myth; the brutality of war; the cultural misappropriation; the tourism business. The article deals with these issues in an attempt to define possible future developments and points for reflection.


authenticity; cinema; culture; Greece; stereotype.

Full Text:



Amato, Fabio, e Elena Dell'Agnese, a cura di. 2014. Schermi Americani. Geografia e geopolitica degli Stati Uniti nella serie televisive. Milano: Unicopli.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. 2015. "Within the Nation and Beyond: Mediating Diaspora Belonging in My Life in Ruins". FILMICON: Journal of Greek Film Studies 3: 1-31.

Basea, Erato. 2012. "My Life in Ruins: Hollywood and Holidays in Greece in Times of Crisis". Interactions Studies in Communication & Culture 3 (2): 199-208.


Binetti, Vincenzo. 2015. "A Mediterranean Heterotopia: Gabriele Salvatores and the Poetics of Fleeing". Mediterranean Studies 23 (1): 74-85. doi: 10.5325/mediterraneanstu.23.1.0074.


Cornelius, Michael G., ed. 2011. Of Muscles and Men: Essays on the Sword and Sandal Film. Jefferson: McFarland & Company.

D'Amelio, Maria Elena. 2011. "Hercules, Politics, and Movies". In Of Muscles and Men: Essays on the Sword and Sandal Film, edited by Michael G. Cornelius, 15-27. Jefferson: McFarland & Company.

Della Casa, Stefano. 2004. "Peplum". Enciclopedia del cinema. [10/04/2021]. https://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/peplum_%28Enciclopedia-del-Cinema%29/.

Dell'Agnese, Elena. 2009. Paesaggi ed eroi. Cinema, nazione e geopolitica. Torino: UTET University Press.

Di Chiara, Francesco. 2016. Peplum. Il cinema italiano alle prese col mondo antico. Roma: Donzelli.

Gerolymatos, André. 2016. An International Civil War: Greece, 1943-1949. New Haven - London: Yale University Press.

Glezakos, Agathi. 2002. "Film Review: One Greek's reaction to My Big Fat Greek Wedding". Reflections - Narratives of Professional Helping 8 (4): 69-72.

Hancock, Eleanor, and Craig Stockings, eds. 2013. Swastika over the Acropolis: Re-interpreting the Nazi Invasion of Greece in World War II. Leiden - Boston: Brill.

Hassapopoulou, Marina. 2007. "It's All Greek to Me: Misappropriations of Greekness in American Mass Media". Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora: 59-80.

Hope, William. 2009. "Gabriele Salvatores' Marrakech Express and Mediterraneo: Capitalist Dystopias, the Marxist Sublime, Nascent Radicalism". Italianist 29: 115-131.


Hudson, Simon, and J.R. Brent Ritchie. 2005. "Promoting Destinations via Film Tourism: An Empirical Identification of Supporting Marketing Initiatives". Journal of Travel Research 44 (4): 387-396.


Iancu, Anca-Luminita. 2017. "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner: Race, Ethnicity, and Women's Choices in Something New and My Big Fat Greek Wedding". East-West Cultural Passage 1: 50-72.

Kapiki, Soultana Tania. 2012. "Current and Future Trends in Tourism and Hospitality: The Case of Greece". International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories 2 (1): 1-12.

Pallant, Chris. 2011. "Developments in Peplum Filmmaking: Disney's Hercules". In Of Muscles and Men: Essays on the Sword and Sandal Film, edited by Michael G. Cornelius, 175-186. Jefferson: McFarland & Company.

Rushing, Robert A. 2016. "Skin Flicks: Haptic Ideology in the Peplum Film". Cinema Journal 56 (1): 88-110.


Santarelli, Lidia. 2004. "Muted Violence: Italian War Crimes in Occupied Greece". Journal of Modern Italian Studies 9 (3): 280-299.


Schenk, Irmbert. 2006. "The Cinematic Support to National(istic) Mythology: The Italian Peplum 1910-1930". In Globalization, Cultural Identities and Media Representations, edited by Natascha Gentz and Stefan Kramer, 153-168. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Tzanelli, Rodanthi, and Maximiliano E. Korstanje. 2016. "Tourism in the European Economic Crisis: Mediatised Worldmaking and New Tourist Imaginaries in Greece". Tourist Studies 16 (3): 296-314.


Tzanelli, Rodanthi. 2003. "'Casting' the Neohellenic 'Other': Tourism, the Culture Industry, and Contemporary Orientalism in 'Captain Corelli's Mandolin' (2001)". Journal of Consumer Culture 3 (2): 217-244. doi: 10.1177/14695405030032004.


Tzanelli, Rodanthi. 2004. "'Europe' within and without Narratives of American Cultural Belonging in and through My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002)". Comparative American Studies - An International Journal 2 (1): 39-59.


Tzanelli, Rodanthi. 2017. "Staging Pilgrimage on Skopelos after Mamma Mia! (2008): Digital and Terrestrial Hospitality in Cinematic Tourism". In Gazing at Death: Dark Tourism as an Emergent Horizon of Research, edited by Maximiliano E. Korstanje and Bintang Handayani, 131-260. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Tzioumakis, Yannis, and Lydia Papadimitriou. 2015. "My Big Fat Life in Ruins: Marketing Greekness and the Contemporary US Independent Film". In Film Marketing Into the Twenty-First Century, edited by Nolwenn Mingant, Cecilia Tirtaine, and Joël Augros, 36-46. London. Bloomsbury Publishing.


Tzioumakis, Yannis, and Lydia Papadimitriou. 2016. "Having Its Cake and Eating It Too: Contemporary American 'Indie' Cinema and My Big Fat Greek Wedding Reframed". In Indie Reframed: Women's Filmmaking and Contemporary American Independent Cinema. Traditions in American Cinema, edited by Linda Badley, 188-203. Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press.


Van Watson, William. 2005. "Escape from Patria(rchy), Return to the (M)other: The Italian Invasion of Greece in Mediterraneo and Captain Corelli's Mandolin". Literature/Film Quarterly 33 (4): 313-321.


2007. Directed by Zack Snyder. Stati Uniti d'America.

: Rise of an Empire (300 - L'alba di un impero). 2014. Directed by Noam Murro. Stati Uniti d'America.

Alexander. 2004. Directed by Oliver Stone. Stati Uniti d'America - Regno Unito - Germania - Italia - Paesi Bassi.

Appartamento ad Atene. 2012. Diretto da Ruggero Dipaola. Italia - Germania.

Arrivano i titani. 1962. Diretto da Duccio Tessari. Italia - Francia.

Attenberg. 2010. Directed by Athina Rachel Tsangari. Grecia.

Before Midnight. 2013. Directed by Richard Linklater. Stati Uniti d'America.

Captain Corelli's Mandolin (Il mandolino del capitano Corelli). 2001. Directed by John Madden. Francia - Regno Unito - Stati Uniti d'America.

Che ne sarà di noi. 2004. Diretto da Giovanni Veronesi. Italia.

Ercole al centro della Terra. 1961. Diretto da Mario Bava. Italia.

Ercole contro i tiranni di Babilonia. 1964. Diretto da Domenico Paolella. Italia.

Ercole e la regina di Lidia. 1950. Diretto da Pietro Francisci. Italia - Spagna - Francia.

Gli amori di Ercole. 1960. Diretto da Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia. Italia - Francia.

Hercules. 1997. Directed by John Musker and Ron Clements. Stati Uniti d'America.

Hercules: The Legendary Journeys (Hercules). 1995-1999. Directed by Christian Williams and Robert Tapert. Nuova Zelanda - Stati Uniti.

Il colosso di Rodi. 1961. Diretto da Sergio Leone. Italia - Spagna - Francia.

Immaturi - Il viaggio. 2012. Diretto da Paolo Genovese. Italia.

Kynodontas (Dogtooth). 2009. Directed by Yorgos Lanthimos. Grecia.

Le fatiche di Ercole. 1958. Diretto da Pietro Francisci. Italia - Spagna.

Mamma Mia!. 2008. Directed by Phyllida Lloyd. Stati Uniti d'America - Regno Unito - Germania.

Mediterraneo. 1991. Diretto da Gabriele Salvatores. Italia.

Miss Violence. 2013. Directed by Alexandros Avranas. Grecia.

My Big Fat Greek Wedding (Il mio grosso grasso matrimonio greco). 2002. Directed by Joel Zwick. Canada - Stati Uniti d'America - Grecia.

My Life in Ruins (Le mie grosse grasse vacanze greche). 2009. Directed by Donald Petrie. Stati Uniti d'America - Grecia - Spagna.

Suntan. 2016. Directed by Argyris Papadimitropoulos. Grecia.

Troy. 2004. Directed by Wolfgang Petersen. Stati Uniti d'America - Malta - Regno Unito.

Xena: Warrior Princess (Xena - Principessa Guerriera). 1995-2001. Directed by John Schulian and Robert Tapert. Nuova Zelanda - Stati Uniti.

Young Hercules. 1998-1999. Directed by Robert Tapert. Stati Uniti d'America - Nuo­­va Zelanda.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2021-001-giov

Copyright (©) 2021 Sara Giovansana – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 1 - Discourses, Methods and Practices of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Belonging: Towards a Global Shared Framework
Edited by Dr. Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) and Dr. Fadia Nordtveit (Springfield College)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process. 
Deadline for papers submission: January 15th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by April 15th, 2024
Final versione due by May 15th, 2024
Publication: by June 2024


Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 2: “The Language of War: Lexicon, Metaphor, Discourse”
Edited by Dr. Anna Anselmo (Università degli Studi di Ferrara), Prof. Kim Grego (Università degli Studi di Milano), and Prof. Andreas Musolff (University of East Anglia)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process.
Deadline for papers submission: June 10th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by September 10th, 2024
Final version due by October 10th, 2024
Publication: by December 2024


Lingue Culture Mediazioni - Languages Cultures Mediation
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (27/11/2013 n. 380)
Online ISSN 2421-0293 - Print ISSN 2284-1881

Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature, Culture e Mediazioni  
Università degli Studi di Milano

Editors-in-Chief: Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giuliana Garzone (IULM, Milano)
Editorial Board: Marina Brambilla (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Maria Vittoria Calvi (Università degli Studi di Milano) -  Lidia Anna De Michelis (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giovanni Garofalo (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Dino Gavinelli (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Antonella Ghersetti (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Maria Grazia Guido (Università del Salento) - Elena Liverani (IULM, Milano) - Stefania Maci (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Andrea Maurizi (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) - Chiara Molinari (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Ondelli (Università degli Studi di Trieste) - Davide Papotti (Università degli Studi di Parma) - Francesca Santulli (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Girolamo Tessuto (Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) - Giovanni Turchetta (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Vicari (Università degli Studi di Genova)
International Scientific Committee: James Archibald (McGill University, Montreal) - Natalija G. Bragina (Institut Russkogo Jazyka im. A.S. Puškina; RSUH, Mosca) - Kristen Brustad (University of Texas at Austin) - Luciano Curreri (University of Liège) - Hugo de Burgh (University of Westminster) - Giuditta Caliendo (Université de Lille) - Giorgio Fabio Colombo (Nagoya University Graduate School of Law) - Daniel Dejica (Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara) - Anna De Fina (Georgetown University, USA) - Claudio Di Meola, (Sapienza Università di Roma) - Denis Ferraris (Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris) - Lawrence Grossberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) - Stephen Gundle (University of Warwick) - Décio de Alencar Guzmán (Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém,  Brasile) - Matthias Heinz (Universität Salzburg) - Rosina Márquez-Reiter (The Open University) - Samir Marzouki (Université de Manouba à Tunis) - (John McLeod, University of Leeds) - Estrella Montolío Durán (Universitat de Barcelona) - M'bare N'gom (Morgan State University, Baltimore) - Christiane Nord (Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences) - Daragh O'Connell (Cork University) - Roberto Perin (York University, Toronto) - Giovanni Rovere (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) - Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (University of Edinburgh) - Françoise Sabban (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris) - Kirk St.Amant (Louisiana Tech University, University of Limerick/University of Strasbourg) - Paul Sambre (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) - Srikant Sarangi (Aalborg University) - Junji Tsuchiya (Waseda University, Tokyo) - Xu Shi (Zhejiang University)
Section editors: Maria Matilde Benzoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (Modern history) - Paola Cotta Ramusino, Università degli Studi di Milano (Russian linguistics and translation) - Mario de Benedittis, Università degli Studi di Milano (Sociology) - Kim Grego Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giovanna Mapelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Spanish linguistics and translation) - Bettina Mottura, University of Milan (Chinese studies) - Mauro Giacomo Novelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Contemporary Italian literature and culture) - Letizia Osti, Università degli Studi di Milano (Arab studies) - Maria Cristina Paganoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giuseppe Sergio, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italian linguistics) - Virginia Sica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Japanese studies)

Referee List

© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto