Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

COVID-19-Related Cases before the European Court of Human Rights: A Multiperspective Approach

Jekaterina Nikitina

Abstract


This study overviews how the COVID-19 pandemic is framed in five cases before the European Court of Human Rights (the ECtHR). By reconstructing the heteroglossic system of genres at the ECtHR, the study contributes to the limited literature on the Court’s discursive practices and genres. The analysis looks into the framing of the COVID-19 pandemic as a human rights violation and identifies preferred interpretation schemata across the participation framework of the cases considered using critical discourse analysis and framing. The findings identify a scaffolding of dialogical frames, where most applicants advanced politicized frame systems built on the core denial of the existence or seriousness of COVID-19, framing the governments’ actions or omissions as civil and political human rights violations. The Governments built on the general healthcare crisis framing, and counterframed societal limitations as agency stemming from a “health and safety first” frame. The Court refuted most of the politicized framing choices and accepted most healthcare-related frames, operating under the “exceptional and unforeseen circumstances” frame.


Keywords


CDA; COVID-19; European Court of Human Rights; framing; legal discourse; legal genres

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1981. "Discourse in the Novel". In The Dialogic Imagination, edited by Michael Holquist, 259-422. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Bazerman, Charles. 1994. "Systems of Genres and the Enhancement of Social Intentions". In Genre and New Rhetoric, edited by Aviva Freedman and Peter Medway, 79-101. London: Taylor and Francis.

Bhatia, Vijay. 2006. "Legal Genres". In Encyclopedia of Languages and Linguistics, vol. 7, edited by Keith Brown, 1-7. Oxford: Elsevier, 14 vols.

https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/04505-3

Brannan, James. 2018. "Specificities of Translation at the European Court of Human Rights: Policy and Practice". In Institutional Translation for International Governance: Enhancing Quality in Multilingual Legal Communication, edited by Fernando Prieto Ramos, 170-180. London: Bloomsbury.

Brannan, James. 2021. "Conveying the Right Message: Principles and Problems of Multilingual Communication at the European Court of Human Rights". In Law, Language and the Courtroom, edited by Stanisław Goźdź-Roszkowski and Gianluca Pontrandolfo, 217-230. London: Routledge.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003153771-19

Catenaccio, Paola. 2007. "Because Crisis Happens: Analysing the Implicit in Par¬¬ma¬¬lat's Crisis Press Releases". ILCEA (online) 9: 153-170. doi: 10.4000/ilcea.716.

https://doi.org/10.4000/ilcea.716

Entman, Robert. 1993. "Framing: Towards Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm". Journal of Communication 43 (4): 51-58.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1993.tb01304.x

Etxabe, Julen. 2022. "The Dialogical Language of Law". Osgoode Hall Law Journal 59 (2): 429-515.

Fairclough, Norman. 1995. Media Discourse. London: Edward Arnold.

Fairclough, Norman. (1989) 2014. Language and Power. London: Longman.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315838250

Garzone, Giuliana. 2018. "Scientific Knowledge and Legislative Drafting: Focus on Surrogacy Laws". Lingue Culture Mediazioni / Languages Cultures Mediation 5 (1): 9-36.

https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2018-001-garz

Garzone, Giuliana. 2021. "Re-thinking Metaphors in COVID-19 Communication". Lingue e Linguaggi 44: 159-181.

Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. New York: Harper & Row.

Goodrich, Peter. 1987. Legal Discourse: Studies in Linguistic, Rhetoric and Legal Analysis. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-08818-8

Mason, Alicia. 2016. "Media Frames and Crisis Events: Understanding the Impact on Corporate Reputations, Responsibility Attributions, and Negative Affect". International Journal of Business Communication 56 (3): 414-431.

https://doi.org/10.1177/2329488416648951

Minsky, Marvin. 1975. "A Framework for Representing Knowledge". In The Psychology of Computer Vision, edited by Patrick Henry Winston, 211-277. New York: McGraw Hill.

Nerlich, Brigitte, and Nelya Koteyko. 2012. "Crying Wolf? Biosecurity and Metacommunication in the Context of the 2009 Swine Flu Pandemic". Health Place 18 (4): 710-717.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.02.008

Nikitina, Jekaterina. 2018. Legal Style Markers and Their Translation: Written Pleadings at the ECtHR. Beau Bassin - Riga: Edizioni accademiche italiane - OmniScriptum Publishing.

Nikitina, Jekaterina. 2019. "Discourse on Medically Assisted Procreation: From Legal Institutions to Blogs". Textus XXXII (1): 55-74.

Nikitina, Jekaterina. 2022. "Case Communication at the European Court of Human Rights: Genre-based and Translation Perspectives". Lingue e Linguaggi 52: 229-248.

https://doi.org/10.1285/i22390359v52p229.

Poirier, William, Catherine Oullet, Marc-Antoine Rancourt, Justine Béchard, and Yannick Dufresne. 2020. "(Un)Covering the COVID-19 Pandemic: Framing Analysis of the Crisis in Canada". Canadian Journal of Political Science 53: 365-371.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008423920000372

Rubinson, Robert. 1996. "The Polyphonic Courtroom: Expanding the Possibilities of Judicial Discourse". Dickinson Law Review 101: 3-40.

Santulli, Francesca. 2017. "Context and Genre in Judicial Argumentation: A Case-study". In Argumentation across Communities of Practice: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives, edited by Cornelia Ilie and Giuliana Garzone, 177-194. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.10.09san

Scott, Mike. 2015. Wordsmith Tools Version 6 [computer software]. Stroud: Lexical Analysis Software.

Semino, Elena. 2021. "'Not Soldiers but Fire-fighters' - Metaphors and COVID-19". Health Communication 36 (1): 50-58.

https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2020.1844989

Tamanaha, Brian Z. 2010. A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tessuto, Girolamo. 2021. "Making Sense of Web-based European Court of Justice Institutional Press Releases: Context, Structure and Replicable Genres". Iberica 42: 219-244.

https://doi.org/10.17398/2340-2784.42.219

Valverde, Mariana. 2015. Chronotopes of Law: Jurisdiction, Scale and Governance. London: Routledge.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315881614

van Dijk, Teun. 1993. "Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis". Discourse and Society 4 (2): 249-283.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002006

Wicke, Philipp, and Marianna Bolognesi. 2020. "Framing COVID-19: How We Conceptualize and Discuss the Pandemic on Twitter". PLoS ONE 15 (9): e0240010.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240010

Wodak, Ruth. 2021. "Crisis Communication and Crisis Management during COVID-19". Global Discourse 11 (3): 329-353.

https://doi.org/10.1332/204378921X16100431230102




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/lcm-2022-002-jnik

Copyright (©) 2023 Jekaterina Nikitina – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Announcements

Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 1 - Discourses, Methods and Practices of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Belonging: Towards a Global Shared Framework
Edited by Dr. Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) and Dr. Fadia Nordtveit (Springfield College)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process. 
Deadline for papers submission: January 15th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by April 15th, 2024
Final versione due by May 15th, 2024
Publication: by June 2024

More....

Call for papers Vol 11 (2024) No 2: “The Language of War: Lexicon, Metaphor, Discourse”
Edited by Dr. Anna Anselmo (Università degli Studi di Ferrara), Prof. Kim Grego (Università degli Studi di Milano), and Prof. Andreas Musolff (University of East Anglia)

Authors have to read through the Information for Authors and the Author guidelines carefully before beginning the submission process.
Deadline for papers submission: June 10th, 2024
Request for revision following peer review: by September 10th, 2024
Final version due by October 10th, 2024
Publication: by December 2024

More... 


Lingue Culture Mediazioni - Languages Cultures Mediation
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (27/11/2013 n. 380)
Online ISSN 2421-0293 - Print ISSN 2284-1881


Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature, Culture e Mediazioni  
Università degli Studi di Milano


Editors-in-Chief: Paola Catenaccio (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giuliana Garzone (IULM, Milano)
Editorial Board: Marina Brambilla (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Maria Vittoria Calvi (Università degli Studi di Milano) -  Lidia Anna De Michelis (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Giovanni Garofalo (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Dino Gavinelli (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Antonella Ghersetti (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Maria Grazia Guido (Università del Salento) - Elena Liverani (IULM, Milano) - Stefania Maci (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) - Andrea Maurizi (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) - Chiara Molinari (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Ondelli (Università degli Studi di Trieste) - Davide Papotti (Università degli Studi di Parma) - Francesca Santulli (Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari) - Girolamo Tessuto (Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli) - Giovanni Turchetta (Università degli Studi di Milano) - Stefano Vicari (Università degli Studi di Genova)
International Scientific Committee: James Archibald (McGill University, Montreal) - Natalija G. Bragina (Institut Russkogo Jazyka im. A.S. Puškina; RSUH, Mosca) - Kristen Brustad (University of Texas at Austin) - Luciano Curreri (University of Liège) - Hugo de Burgh (University of Westminster) - Giuditta Caliendo (Université de Lille) - Giorgio Fabio Colombo (Nagoya University Graduate School of Law) - Daniel Dejica (Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara) - Anna De Fina (Georgetown University, USA) - Claudio Di Meola, (Sapienza Università di Roma) - Denis Ferraris (Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris) - Lawrence Grossberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) - Stephen Gundle (University of Warwick) - Décio de Alencar Guzmán (Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém,  Brasile) - Matthias Heinz (Universität Salzburg) - Rosina Márquez-Reiter (The Open University) - Samir Marzouki (Université de Manouba à Tunis) - (John McLeod, University of Leeds) - Estrella Montolío Durán (Universitat de Barcelona) - M'bare N'gom (Morgan State University, Baltimore) - Christiane Nord (Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences) - Daragh O'Connell (Cork University) - Roberto Perin (York University, Toronto) - Giovanni Rovere (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) - Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (University of Edinburgh) - Françoise Sabban (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris) - Kirk St.Amant (Louisiana Tech University, University of Limerick/University of Strasbourg) - Paul Sambre (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) - Srikant Sarangi (Aalborg University) - Junji Tsuchiya (Waseda University, Tokyo) - Xu Shi (Zhejiang University)
Section editors: Maria Matilde Benzoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (Modern history) - Paola Cotta Ramusino, Università degli Studi di Milano (Russian linguistics and translation) - Mario de Benedittis, Università degli Studi di Milano (Sociology) - Kim Grego Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giovanna Mapelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Spanish linguistics and translation) - Bettina Mottura, University of Milan (Chinese studies) - Mauro Giacomo Novelli, Università degli Studi di Milano (Contemporary Italian literature and culture) - Letizia Osti, Università degli Studi di Milano (Arab studies) - Maria Cristina Paganoni, Università degli Studi di Milano (English linguistics and translation) - Giuseppe Sergio, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italian linguistics) - Virginia Sica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Japanese studies)


Referee List


© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto