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Mowgli dans les Dolomites. Représentations paysagère et ethnographique du front italien par Rudyard Kipling en 1917

Richard Galliano-Valdiserra

Abstract


The British writer Rudyard Kipling left an extremely striking testimony of his visit to the Italian-Austrian front in May 1917. In the form of five articles of propaganda, published in English and American newspapers, the famous writer described the conditions of life and battle of Italian soldiers waging a ‘vertical’ war in the mountains. Indeed the writer-reporter, immersed in this strange mountainous landscape far away from his Indian homeland, combines the power of realistic writing, elements of natural history and zoological metaphors to describe the different protagonists in this war (the visual land scape), its smells (olfactory landscape) and its sounds (soundscape). Kipling also took the opportunity to build a history of representations of a fictitious Italianity.


Keywords


Histoire; représentation; littérature

Full Text:

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References


Sources primaires:

Conan Doyle, Arthur. 1916. A Visit to Three Fronts: Glimpses of the British, Italian and French Lines, New York: George H. Doran Company, 1916.

Conan Doyle, Arthur. 2014. Visite sur les trois fronts: aperçu des lignes britanniques, italiennes et françaises, préface de François Malye, Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Giono, Jean. 1931. Le Grand Troupeau. Paris: Gallimard.

Kipling, Rudyard. 1888. “The Man who would be King”, dans The Phantom Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales. Allahabad: Wheeler.

Kipling, Rudyard. 1915. France at War. On the Frontier of Civilization. London: MacMillan and Co.

Kipling, Rudyard. 1917. The War in the Mountains. New York: Doubleday.

Kipling, Rudyard. 1919. “Common Form”, dans The Years Between. London: Methuen.

Kipling, Rudyard. 2011. La guerra nelle montagne, Impressionni dal fronte italiano, a cura di Massimo Zamorani, Milano: Ugo Mursia Editore.

Kipling, Rudyard. 2014a. La Guerre en montagne. Dans Sur la guerre, 1914-1919. Edition préfacée et annotée par Lucien d’Azay. Paris: Pocket.

Kipling, Rudyard. 2014b. La France en guerre, préface d’Olivier Weber. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Kipling, Rudyard. 2015. The War in the Mountains. London: Uniform Press Ltd.

Slataper, Scipio. 1912. Il mio Carso. Firenze: Libreria della Voce.

Sources secondaires:

Becker, Jean-Jacques. 1997. 1917 en Europe, L’année impossible. Paris: Editions Complexe.

d’Azay, Lucien. 2014. “Préface”. Dans Rudyard Kipling 2014a. Sur la guerre, 1914-1919. Paris: Pocket.

Jain, Anurag. 2009. The Relationship between Ford, Kipling, Conan Doyle, Wells and British Propaganda of the First World War. Queen Mary: University of London.

Malye, François. 2014. “Préface”. Dans Arthur Conan Doyle, Visite sur les trois fronts. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Orwell, George. 1942. “Rudyard Kipling”. Horizon, February (http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/kipling/english/e_rkip 1 décembre 2016)

Thompson, Mark. 2008. The White War. Life and Death on the Italian Front 1915-1919. London: Faber and Faber.

Weber, Olivier. 2014. “Préface”. Dans Rudyard Kipling. 2014b. La France en guerre. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Zamorani, Massimo. 2011. “Introduzione”. In Rudyard Kipling. 2011. La guerra nelle montagne. Impressionni dal fronte italiano. Milano: Ugo Mursia Editore.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ling-2016-002-vald



 


Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (06/04/2012 n. 185)
Online ISSN 1724-8698 - Print ISSN 2281-8952


Dipartimento di Scienze della Comunicazione, Studi Umanistici e Internazionali: Storia, Culture, Lingue, Letterature, Arti, Media
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo


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