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La gastronomia e la letteratura

Karin Becker

Abstract


The first part of this essay discusses the relationship between gastronomy and literature in a theoretical way: it presents all the arguments put forward to establish a strong correlation between “écriture gastronomique” and “écriture littéraire” – a correlation which seems to be natural, but is nevertheless the result of a sociocultural evolution. Subsequently, the article analyses another kind of relationship – the general interrelation of literature and social reality, because fictional texts always react to a society, which authors portray through a deforming mirror in order to influence their public. In the second part, these theoretical conclusions will be applied to concrete subject matter: the realistic and naturalistic novel of the French Nineteenth century, called “le siècle bourgeois”. Authors like Balzac, Flaubert, Zola and Maupassant imitate the “discours gastronomique” of their period, sometimes in an affirmative way, but often with a critical intention. As an example, this essay examines the representation of the two places of gastronomical consumption: the restaurant as the public area, and the dining room as the private sphere of bourgeois eating culture.

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References


Balzac, Honore de, La Comédie humaine. Ed. sous la direction de P.-G. Castex, Paris 1976-1981, 12 t.

Flaubert, Gustave, OEuvres. Ed. d’A. Thibaudet et R. Dumesnil, Paris 1951-1952, 2 t.

Maupassant, Guy de, Romans. Ed. de L. Forestier, Paris 1987.

Zola, Emile, Les Rougon-Macquart. Histoire naturelle et sociale d’une famille sous le second Empire. Ed. d’A. Lanoux, Paris 1960-1967, 5 t.

Becker, Karin (2000), Der Gourmand, der Bourgeois und der Romancier. Die französische Eßkultur in Literatur und Gesellschaft des bürgerlichen Zeitalters, Frankfurt a.M., Klostermann.






 


Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (06/04/2012 n. 185)
Online ISSN 1724-8698 - Print ISSN 2281-8952


Dipartimento di Scienze della Comunicazione, Studi Umanistici e Internazionali: Storia, Culture, Lingue, Letterature, Arti, Media
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo


Editor-in-Chief: Roberta Mullini
Editorial Board: Maurizio Ascari - Stefano Beretta - Antonio Bertacca- Tania Collani - Chiara Elefante - Marina Guglielmi - Maryline Heck - Richard Hillman - Reinhard Johler - Stephen Knight - Cesare Mascitelli - Sonia Massai - Aurélie Moioli - Maria de Fátima Silva - Bart Van Den Bossche 

Editorial Staff: Margaret Amatulli - Alessandra Calanchi - Riccardo Donati - Ivo Klaver  - Massimiliano Morini - Antonella Negri - Luca Renzi


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