Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Historical Materialism Seen Through the Lens of Magical Realism: Gender Relationships in ‘Nights at the Circus’

Emilija Dimitrijevic

Abstract


Nights at the Circus (1984) by Angela Carter is widely recognized as a masterpiece of magical realism. At the same time, the novel stands out in the literary genre because of its distinctly materialistic outlook. This essay argues that specific to Carter’s writing is the view of gender discourse as yet another form of idealization of dominant economic relationships. Classical Marxist theory begins with the analysis of capitalism under the Industrial Revolution and extends it to consider its implications in less developed economies. The novel proceeds similarly: it starts with gender relationships most obviously fashioned as economic transactions but explained away as natural, moves on to those apparently less governed by economic interests, and finally examines gender relationships where they appear to be dominated by the supernatural, showing that in all these cases economic relationships are not less decisive but rather differently naturalized.


Keywords


anglistics: novel; postmodernism; Marxisim; Angela Carter

Full Text:

PDF

References


Carter, Angela. 1983. “Notes from the Front Line.” In On Writing and Gender, edited by Michelene Wander, 69-77. London: Pandora.

_____. (1984) 1994. Nights at the Circus. London: Vintage Classics.

Charpenel, Yves. 2014. Rapport mondial sur l’exploitation sexuelle: la prostitution au coeur du crime organisé. Fondation Scelles. Paris: Economica.

Clark, Robert. 1987. “Angela Carter’s Desire Machine.” Women’s Studies 14: 147-61.

Dimitrijevic, Emilija. 2008. Intimacy and Identity in the Postmodern Novel. Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien: Peter Lang.

Eagleton, Terry. 1979. “Ideology, Fiction, Narrative.” Social Text: 62-80.

_____. 1996. The Illusions of Postmodernism. London: Blackwell.

_____. 1997. “The Contradictions of Postmodernism.” New Literary History 28: 1-6.

Engels, Frederick. 2001. Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy. London: GBR Electric Book Company.

Ferinhough, Anne. 1997. “‘Is She Fact or Is She Fiction?’: Angela Carter and the Enigma of Woman.” Textual Practice 11: 89-107.

Gargano, Elizabeth. 2007. “The Masquerader in the Garden: Gender and the Body in Angela Carter’s The Magic Toyshop.” Women’s Studies 36: 57-78.

Graff, Gerald. 1975. “Babbitt at the Abyss: The Social Context of Postmodern American Fiction.” TriQuarterly 33: 305-37.

Haffenden, John. 1985. Novelists in Interview. London: Methuen.

Hutcheon, Linda. 1988. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. London and New York: Routledge.

Jameson, Frederick. 1990. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke University Press.

Marx, Karl and Frederick Engels. 2001 [1970]. The German Ideology Part One, with Selections from Parts Two and Three, together with Marx’s “Introduction to a Critique of Political Economy,” edited by J.C. Arthur. New York: International Publishers.

Michael, Magali Cornier. 1996. Feminism and the Postmodern Impulse. Post-World War II Fiction. New York: State University New York Press.

Robinson, Sally. 1991. Engendering the Subject: Gender and Self-Representation in Contemporary Women’s Fiction. SUNY Series in Feminist Criticism and Theory. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Rubinson, Gregory J. 2000. “‘On the Beach of Elsewhere’: Angela Carter’s Moral Pornography and the Critique of Gender Archetypes.” Women’s Studies 29: 717-40.

Sage, Lorna. 1977. “The Savage Sideshow: A Profile of Angela Carter.” New Review: 51-57.

Schmidt, Ricarda. 1989. “The journey of the subject in Angela Carter’s fiction.” Textual Practice 3: 56-75.

Stoddart, Helen. 2007. Angela Carter’s “Nights at the Circus”. New York: Routledge.

Toye, Margaret. 2007. “‘Eating Their Way Out of Patriarchy: Consuming the Female Panopticon in Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus.” Women’s Studies 36: 477-506.

Trevenna, Joanne. 2002. “Gender as Performance: Questioning the ‘Butlerification’ of Angela Carter’s fiction.” Journal of Gender Studies 11: 267-76.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ling-2015-001-dimi



 


Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (06/04/2012 n. 185)
Online ISSN 1724-8698 - Print ISSN 2281-8952


Dipartimento di Scienze della Comunicazione, Studi Umanistici e Internazionali: Storia, Culture, Lingue, Letterature, Arti, Media
Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo


Editor-in-Chief: Roberta Mullini
Editorial Board: Maurizio Ascari - Stefano Beretta - Antonio Bertacca- Tania Collani - Chiara Elefante - Marina Guglielmi - Maryline Heck - Richard Hillman - Reinhard Johler - Stephen Knight - Cesare Mascitelli - Sonia Massai - Aurélie Moioli - Maria de Fátima Silva - Bart Van Den Bossche 

Editorial Staff: Margaret Amatulli - Alessandra Calanchi - Riccardo Donati - Ivo Klaver  - Massimiliano Morini - Antonella Negri - Luca Renzi


Referee List