Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Percezione del sé in età di sviluppo: il contributo dell’attività fisica, della sedentarietà e delle abitudini alimentari

Emanuela Rabaglietti, Giada Pacella, Aurelia De Lorenzo, Chiara Costa, Paolo Riccardo Brustio

Abstract


In last years, the incorrect eating habits, the physical inactivity and the consequent sedentary behavior among children are one of the main problems for the Western society that may negatively affect the psychological well-being during childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations among eating habits, physical activity levels, including sedentary behavior, and self-perception during childhood. Hundred twenty-one children of primary schools participated (mean age 8.95 ± 0.78 anni; F = 48.33%) in the study. The participants drew up the «Self-Description Questionnaire» (SDQ) and a self-report questionnaire concerning the life style of the children, about their alimentary, physical habits and sedentary. Hierarchical multiple regressions analyses highlight that age, gender, eating habits, phisical activity and sedentary levels explained the 16.8% variance for physical ability perception (R2 = 0.168; F(5.111) = 4.474; p = 0.001) and the 14.3% variance for global self-perception (R2 = 0.143; F(5.113) = 3.768; p = 0.003). The study underlines the contribution of eating habits and physical activity on the perception of physical abilities, the physical appearance and the global self-perception. The results underline as intervention projects in the schools might improve the life style and therefore increase the self-perception, an important aspect for the child’s psychological well-being.


Keywords


Self-perception; Life style: Childhood; Physical activity; Health

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychological Association (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/principles.pdf

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Lonsdale, C., White, R. L., &

Lubans, D. R. (2014). Physical activity and physical self-concept in youth:

Systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 44(11), 1589-1601. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.11.170

Berti, A. E., & Bombi, A. S. (2013). Corso di psicologia dello sviluppo. Dalla nascita all’adolescenza. Bologna: il Mulino.

Biddle, S. J., & Asare, M. (2011). Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: A review of reviews. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 886-895. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090185

Camodeca, M., Di Michele, C., Mela, M., & Cioffi, R. (2010). Adattamento italiano del Self-description Questionnarie per bambini di età scolare e preadolescenti. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 37(3), 673-694.

Carrus, G., Passiatore, Y., Pirchio, S., & Scopelliti, M. (2015). Contact with

nature in educational settings might help cognitive functioning and promote positive social behaviour / El contacto con la naturaleza en los contextos educativos podría mejorar el funcionamiento cognitivo y fomentar el comportamiento social positivo. Psyecology, 6(2), 191-212. doi: 10.1080/21711976.2015.1026079

Carrus, G., Scopelliti, M., Panno, A., Lafortezza, R., Colangelo, G., Pirchio, S., …, & Sanesi, G. (2017). A different way to stay in touch with «urban nature»: The perceived restorative qualities of botanical gardens. Front Psychol, 8, 914. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00914

Crocker, P. R., Eklund, R. C., & Kowalski, K. C. (2000). Children’s physical activity and physical self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(6), 383-394. doi: 10.1080/02640410050074313

D’Haese, S., Gheysen, F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Van Dyck, D., & Cardon, G. (2016). The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 128. doi: 10.1186/s12966-016-0452-0

Dehghan, M., Akhtar-Danesh, N., & Merchant, A. T. (2005). Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. Nutrition Journal, 4(1), 1. doi: 10.1201/b16340-19

Ekeland, E., Heian, F., Hagen, K. B., Abbott, J., & Nordheim, L. (2004). Exercise to improve self-esteem in children and young people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, CD003683. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003683.pub2

Flanagan, C. (2002). La socializzazione infantile. Bologna: il Mulino.

Gallotta, M. C., Iazzoni, S., Emerenziani, G. P., Meucci, M., Migliaccio, S., Guidetti, L., & Baldari, C. (2016). Effects of combined physical education and nutritional programs on schoolchildren’s healthy habits. PeerJ, 4, e1880. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1880

Hancox, R. J., Milne, B. J., & Poulton, R. (2004). Association between child and adolescent television viewing and adult health: A longitudinal birth cohort study. Lancet, 364(9430), 257-262. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16675-0

Harter, S. (1990). Identity and self-development. In S. Feldman & G. Elliot (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Harter, S. (1999). The construction of the self: A developmental perspective. New York: Guilford Press.

Harter, S. (2006). The self. In N. Eisenberg, W. Damon, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Social, emotional, and personality development, Vol. 3: Handbook of child psychology (pp. 505-570). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Hobbs, M., Pearson, N., Foster, P. J., & Biddle, S. J. (2015). Sedentary behaviour and diet across the lifespan: An updated systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(18), 1179-1188. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-093754

Leary, M. R., & Tangney, J. P. (2011). Handbook of self and identity. New York: Guilford Press.

Liu, M., Wu, L., & Ming, Q. (2015). How does physical activity intervention

improve self-esteem and self-concept in children and adolescents? Evidence from a meta-analysis. PLoS One, 10(8), e0134804. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134804

Marsh, H. W. (1990a). A multidimensional, hierarchical model of self-concept: Theoretical and empirical justification. Journal of Educational Psychology, 2(2), 77-172. doi: 10.1037/0022-0663.82.4.623

Marsh, H. W. (1990b). The structure of academic self-concept: The Marsh/Shavelson model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(4), 623. doi: 10.1037/0022-0663.82.4.623

McCullough, N., Muldoon, O., & Dempster, M. (2009). Self-perception in overweight and obese children: A cross-sectional study. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(3), 357-364. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00924.x

Moisè, P., Marasso, D., Brustio, P. R., Miglio F., Parente, M. G., Olla, M. G., …, & Boccia, G. (2017). 1 km al giorno. Studio di fattibilità per implementare dei livelli di attività fisica nel contesto. Educazione Fisica e Sport nella Scuola, 265-266, 17-23.

National Institute of Health. (2011). Expert panel on integrated guidelines for cardiovascular health and risk reduction in children and adolescents; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Expert Panel on integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and adolescent: summary report. Pediatric, 5, S213-S256. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-2107c

Noonan, R. J., Boddy, L. M., Knowles, Z. R., & Fairclough, S. J. (2017). Fitness, fatness and active school commuting among Liverpool schoolchildren. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(9), 995. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14090995

Oude Luttikhuis, H., Baur, L., Jansen, H., Shrewsbury, V. A., O’Malley, C.,

Stolk, R. P., & Summerbell, C. D. (2009). Cochrane review: Interventions

for treating obesity in children. Evidence‐based Child Health: A Cochrane

Review Journal, 4(4), 1571-1729. doi: 10.1002/ebch.462

Pearson, N., & Biddle, S. J. (2011). Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41(2), 178-188. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.002

Richter, S., Tietjens, M., Ziereis, S., Querfurth, S., & Jansen, P. (2016). Yoga training in junior primary school-aged children has an impact on physical self-perceptions and problem-related behavior. Front Psychol, 7, 203. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00203

Schaffer, H. R., & Gilli, A. (2005). Psicologia dello sviluppo. Un’introduzione. Milano: Cortina Raffaello.

Shavelson, R. J., Hubner, J. J., & Stanton, G. C. (1976). Self-concept: Validation of construct interpretations. Review of Educational Research, 46(3), 407-441. doi: 10.2307/1170010

Spinelli, A., Nardone, P., Buoncristiano, M., Lauria, L., Andreozzi, A., & Galeone, D. (a cura di). (2014). Sistema di sorveglianza OKkio alla SALUTE. Dai risultati 2012 alle azioni. Roma: Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Rapporti ISTISAN 14/11).

Spruit, A., Assink, M., van Vugt, E., van der Put, C., & Stams, G. J. (2016). The effects of physical activity interventions on psychosocial outcomes in adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 45, 56-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.03.006

Stein, C., Fisher, L., Berkey, C., & Colditz, G. (2007). Adolescent physical activity and perceived competence: Does change in activity level impact selfperception? Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(5), 462, e461-462, e468. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.11.147

Suchert, V., Hanewinkel, R., & Isensee, B. (2015). Sedentary behavior and indicators of mental health in school-aged children and adolescents: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 76, 48-57. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.03.026

Tremblay, M. S., LeBlanc, A. G., Kho, M. E., Saunders, T. J., Larouche, R.,

Colley, R. C., …, & Connor Gorber, S. (2011). Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 98. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-98

Vissers, P. A., Jones, A. P., van Sluijs, E. M., Jennings, A., Welch, A., Cassidy, A., & Griffin, S. J. (2013). Association between diet and physical activity and sedentary behaviours in 9-10-year-old British White children. Public Health, 127(3), 231-240. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2012.12.006

WHO (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Genève: Switzerland WHO.

Wilgenbusch, T., & Merrell, K. W. (1999). Gender differences in self-concept among children and adolescents: A meta-analysis of multidimensional studies. School Psychology Quarterly, 14(2), 101. doi: 10.1037/h0089000




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2017-016-raba



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi