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Why Do It Later? Goal Orientation, Self-efficacy, Test Anxiety, on Procrastination

Dorothea Wahyu Ariani, Yuvensius Sri Susilo

Abstract


Procrastination is a phenomenon that has a double connotes, positive and negative and can occur in all individuals, not least students. Why do individuals procrastinate work completion? There are many factors that cause individuals to procrastinate their works, both external or situational factors and internal or personal factors. The aim of this study was to examine the role of the personal factor in procrastination. Three hundred and sixty-five undergraduate students completed questionnaires that assessed the motivation type of the students’ learning, the level of test anxiety, the level to which they procrastinate on doing tasks, and their self-efficacy regarding tasks and tests. The results of this study indicated that procrastination was negatively related to learning-goal orientation and self-efficacy and was positively associated with test anxiety. The results of structural equation modeling testing indicated that self-efficacy mediated the relations between goal orientation and procrastination and between test anxiety and procrastination. These results highlighted the importance of multiple students’ type of goal orientation motivation. Self-efficacy and test anxiety consistently affected procrastination with different characteristic. Self-efficacy effected significantly negative on procrastination, while test anxiety effected significantly positive on procrastination. Detailed discussion is presented in this study.


Keywords


Academic procrastination; Learning-goal orientation; Performancegoal orientation; Self-efficacy; Test anxiety

Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2018-017-wahy



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi