Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Strategie cognitive per l’autoregolazione dell’apprendimento e motivazione allo studio. Costruzione di Profili medi del funzionamento cognitivo e dell’assetto motivazionale per la prevenzione del drop-out

Valeria Biasi, Conny De Vincenzo, Nazarena Patrizi

Abstract


The article presents the results of an empirical longitudinal study focusing on the cognitive and motivational factors that influence the risk of drop-out. Thanks to a previous empirical contribution (Biasi, De Vincenzo, & Patrizi, 2017) conducted through an online questionnaire with 2328 students of Roma Tre University, we identified as predictors of drop-out some inadequate cognitive strategies, lack of motivation (or «amotivation») and low levels of school self-efficacy. In order to identify the consistency over time of the relationship between these cognitive and motivational factors, we carried out a year-long longitudinal study aimed at investigating the academic experience of a self-selected sample of 68 students who completed three successive tests. The data showed that the greater the risk of drop-out, the lower the scores obtained by students, over a year, in cognitive strategies of «practice» and «monitoring» of knowledge. Students with a high risk of drop-out also showed a poor connection of new knowledge to the knowledge they already possessed. Moreover, it was confirmed that higher drop-out risk scores correlate with a high level of «amotivation» and «external» motivation scores, and with a low level of «Intrinsic» motivation: persistence over time was also highlighted. Some average «Profiles of cognitive functioning and motivational structure» were devised, useful for individualized guidance or orientation interventions geared to identifying which cognitive strategies can be reinforced in order to favor learning and – during re-orientation – to take into account the level of coherence of student motivation with the chosen study track.


Keywords


Cognitive strategies; Drop-out; Motivation to study; Profiles of cognitive functioning and motivational structure; Self-regulation of learning.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2018-017-bias



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi