Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Effects of Logical Verbal Training on Abstract Reasoning: Evidence from a Pilot Study

Marta Pellegrini, Lucia Donata Nepi, Andrea Peru

Abstract


Cognitive enhancement refers to any type of improvement in cognitive performance following structured interventions. Research evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of specific programs to improve cognitive abilities, such as logical reasoning, deployment of attentional resources, working memory, and metacognitive strategies such as self-monitoring, modelling, and peer-tutoring. In recent years, many studies have evaluated the effects of various cognitive enhancement programs to enhance these functions. This paper aims to investigate the value of the Logical Intelligence Enhancement Program (LIEP; Calvani et al., 2017) in providing primary school students with effective strategies for the improvement of high cognitive skills related to issues of a logical nature and problem solving. For the study, two fourth-grade classes of an ordinary Italian primary school were involved in an experimental investigation. The results clearly confirm that the program has potential to empower learners to develop cognitive abilities / logical reasoning. Although needing further substantiation, the findings from this study may be useful for both educational and scientific purposes.


Keywords


Abstract reasoning; Cognitive abilities; Cognitive enhancement; Cognitive training; Logical reasoning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baron, A., Evangelou, M., Malmberg, L-E., Melendez-Torres, G-J. (2017). The tools of the mind curriculum for improving self-regulation in early childhood: A systematic review. Campbell Collaboration.

Bostrom, N., & Sandberg, A. (2009). Cognitive enhancement: methods, ethics, regulatory challenges. Science and engineering ethics, 15(3), 311–341.

Author (2017).

Diamond A. (2013). Executive Function. Annual Review of Psychology, 64,135–168.

Diamond, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science, 333(6045), 959–964.

Doidge, N. (2007). The brain that changes itself: Stories of personal triumph from the frontiers of brain science. London: Penguin.

Feuerstein, R.S., Falik, L., & Rand, Y., (2006). Creating and Enhancing Cognitive Modifiability: The Feuerstein Instrumental Enrichment Program. Jerusalem: ICELP Publications.

Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. London/New York: Routledge.

Kent, P. (2017). Fluid intelligence: A brief history. Applied neuropsychology. Child, 6(3), 193–203. doi: 10.1080/21622965.2017.1317480.

Moreau, D., & Conway, A. R. (2013). Cognitive enhancement: a comparative review of computerized and athletic training programs. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6(1), 155–183.

Piaget, J. (1936). Origins of intelligence in the child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Piras, F., Cherubini, A., Caltagirone, C., & Spalletta, G. (2011). Education mediates microstructural changes in bilateral hippocampus. Human Brain Mapping, 32(2), 282–289. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21018.

Raven, J.C. (1938). Raven’s progressive matrices. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Shiell, J. L. (2002). A meta-analysis of Feuerstein’s Instrumental Enrichment, Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2018-018-pel2



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi