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The Effect of Conflict Cognitive Strategy in Inquiry-based Learning on Preservice Teachers’ Critical Thinking Ability

Saiful Prayogi, Ni Nyoman Sri Putu Verawati


The current trend of learning goals for universities that they are able to produce preservice teachers who think critically and the teaching process focusing on the empirical inquiry activities is recommended as a foundation for practicing critical thinking. Generating preservice teachers’ prior knowledge in inquiry activities is needed using conflict cognitive strategies. Based on theoretical studies, the conflict cognitive strategy can treat learners to think critically. This study was aimed at describing the effects of the conflict cognitive strategy in inquiry-based learning model on preservice teachers’ critical thinking ability. This study was quasi-experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample of this study consisted of 18 preservice teachers of the physics study program at State Islamic University of Mataram. The preservice-teachers’ critical thinking ability were assessed using a critical thinking ability test instrument in the form of essay test. The data of critical thinking ability were analyzed descriptively and statistically, where homogeneity test, normality test, and t-test were applied. The results showed that the conflict cognitive strategy in inquiry-based learning model had a significant effect on preservice teachers’ critical thinking ability. The finding and discussion are further described in this article.


Conflict cognitive strategy; Critical thinking ability; Inquiry-based learning model; Teacher preservice; Teaching based on empirical inquiry.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2020-021-pray

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Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University

Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi