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Gli anni di Eco. Riflessioni sull’uso di prove strutturate con risposte chiuse e aperte a margine di una ricerca sulla comprensione della lettura

Pietro Lucisano, Alessandra Intraversato

Abstract


Eco’s Age. Reflections on the Use of Structured Tests with Open Ended and Multiple Choice Items Linked to a Study on Reading Comprehension

This study stems from a broader work aiming to validate a reading comprehension test for final year high school students; the work stands as a stimulus for reflection on the use of structured tests to assess reading comprehension skills and, in particular, analyses the relationship between the different areas of assessment of reading comprehension processes and question types (in open-ended versus multiple choice items). By analysing an open-ended question, we discuss the possibility of assessing the mental processes involved in reading and their relations with students’ encyclopaedic knowledge. A great many studies have demonstrated how prior knowledge is one of the main variables explaining reading skills (20-70% of variance in a test of reading comprehension) and that excluding it can distort measures of reading literacy. It appears that in addition to the methodological rigor needed to construct valid and reliable tests, there is need for an approach to more fully understand and to more deeply consider all the solutions that strategic and skilled readers implement and put in place in order to completely comprehend a text.


Keywords


Encyclopaedic knowledge; Multiple choice question; Open-ended question; Reading comprehension; Validity; Conoscenze enciclopediche; Comprensione della lettura; Prove di verifica con risposta aperta; Prove di verifica con risposta multipla; Validità

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2013-007-intr



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
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