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Gli studi comparativi in educazione. Una introduzione storico-critica

Donatella Palomba

Abstract


Comparative Studies in Education. An Historical-Critical Introductions

Comparative studies in education constitute a rather complex research field. It is not unusual to hear calls for their redefinition, starting from the consideration that the dynamics of globalisation seem to question some characterising elements like the very unit of comparison adopted, often identified with the State. The author aims to show how this conception is an oversimplification in that a serious consideration of comparative studies and theories demonstrates how, as a unit, the State has actually not been the exclusive object of study at all, historically speaking. Instead, while bearing in mind the limitations of studies exclusively based on the State, the simplistic assumption of going beyond the State must at least be justified in some way. Without careful attention to individual contexts and an in-depth analysis of their peculiarities, any «comparison» remains vacuous or, rather, cannot be defined as real comparison, and both the theoretical end and the melioristic one are ineluctably destined not to be achieved. Over and beyond the specificities linked to individual research approaches, this remains a fundamental call for method which, ultimately, is linked to what Sadler recommended over a century ago.


Keywords


Comparative education; Educational policy; Internationalisation; Nation State; State; Comparazione; Internazionalizzazione; Politica educativa; Stato; Stato Nazione

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Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi