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Didattica e differenze di genere in alunni di 8-12 anni

Giuseppe Zanniello

Abstract


Teaching and Gender Differences in 8-12 Year Old Students

We present the first results of an extensive study concerning gender differences that are found in school learning. We illustrate them also in order to promote more adequate teaching methods. We analyse nine points of differences between boys and girls in learning and in school behaviour, that should be taken into account in the first cycle of education and that are derived from international studies carried out in Western countries: movement and physical activity within the regular classroom curriculum, cognitive skills, emotions and feelings, relationship with the authority, relationships with peers, metacognitive skills, commitment and perseverance in working, reaction to failure, self-esteem. To assess the results of these studies and to guide teachers firstly in designing and then in reporting their teaching practices that take gender differences into account, we analyse the spontaneous teaching actions of 44 teachers – with students aged between eight and twelve years – who claimed to be attentive to the enhancement of specific feminine and masculine traits in their teaching activities. We identified a total of 24 indicators of gender differences that teachers should consider, partially changing their teaching activities, if they want to give equal opportunities for school achievement to both boys and girls.


Keywords


Educational practices; Gender differences; Learning indicators; Personalized education; Students 8-12 years old; Educazione personalizzata; Differenze di genere; Alunni di 8-12 anni; Indicatori dell’apprendimento; Pratiche educative

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2013-007-zann



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi