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Processi motivazionali, volitivi e autopresentazione efficace in adolescenza: risultati di uno studio longitudinale

Fiorenzo Laghi, Laura Picone, Antonia Lonigro, Martina Fossati

Abstract


Motivational and Volitional Processes and Effective Self-presentation in Adolescence: The Results of a Longitudinal Study

The latest research in the learning field shows the strictly interconnected motivational and volitional processes as the strongest predictors of school achievement. This achievement is not solely determined by aptitudes, but other factors like motivational and volitional factors, relations with peers and with teachers, and feelings of self-esteem and self-efficacy come into play and significantly affect the learner’s performance and classroom adjustment. The 3-year longitudinal study presented here aimed to analyze which motivational, volitional and self-presentation components foster school learning in a sample of 95 Italian high school students. The IST-2000 and a specific battery for assessing motivation and volition were administered in the classroom on two occasions with a three-year interval. Results revealed that students, who increased their aptitudes in the last year, had higher levels of intrinsic motivation and volition, and were more able to understand others’ intentions and emotions than students who reported a worsening of their aptitudes. In the light of these and other findings presented in the paper, it discusses the importance of motivation and self-presentation in the school context.


Keywords


Adolescent; Attitudes; Motivation; Self-presentation; Volition; Adolescenza; Attitudini; Autopresentazione efficace; Motivazione; Volizione

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Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi