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Marxismo e intercultura

Donatello Santarone

Abstract


The paper examines Marxist views on intercultural education. With respect to the «culturalism » dominating intercultural debates, which very often consider «cultures» as static, generic and divorced from concrete historical processes, pedagogical Marxism gives particular importance to the dialectic culture/relations of production, cognitive-symbolic dimensions / socio-economic structures. Marx argued that men become conscious of the world through ideological forms and he thus put forward «a dialectic relationship between structure and superstructure». Therefore, as an ideological form, education can also be an emancipating factor in order to achieve an «omnilateral man» (Marx), i.e., a man capable of expressing his own qualities in various directions. When Marx proposed reducing the working day to enable workers to see friends, educate their children, take part in political life, go to a conference, listen to music or paint pictures, he outlined – as the great humanist he was – the figure of a man finally free from the servitude of salaried work, a man no longer slave to commodities and to consumption, a disalienated man well disposed to the highest enjoyments of the spirit. All in the awareness that – and this is the dialectic contradiction – the aim of real equality in educational outcomes would only be possible by radically overturning the socio-economic mechanisms which go to determine current inequalities, even within schools. This is what fundamentally distinguishes Marxist views on education from other, albeit important, pedagogical orientations.

Keywords


Dialectic, Education, Interculturalism, Marxism, Omnilateral man, Dialettica, Educazione, Intercultura, Marxismo, Uomo onnilaterale

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Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi