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I Social Media vanno all’università? Un'indagine sulle pratiche didattiche degli accademici italiani

Stefania Manca, Maria Ranieri

Abstract


L’articolo riporta i risultati di un’indagine rivolta agli accademici italiani con l’obiettivo di rilevare gli usi didattici dei Social Media nel panorama delle pratiche didattiche universitarie. A questo scopo è stato tradotto e adattato un questionario, già somministrato in ambito statunitense, che è stato inviato a tutto il personale di ricerca di tutti gli atenei italiani. Hanno risposto 6139 ricercatori/docenti universitari, pari al 10,5% del totale. I risultati mostrano un uso ancora piuttosto limitato di questi strumenti a fronte di motivazioni di ordine e natura diversa, che evidenziano il prevalere della dimensione erogativa su quella dialogico-interattiva o su pratiche più sociali e collaborative. Inoltre, emergono anche fattori di resistenza culturale o di percezione di inutilità di questi strumenti, che potrebbero contribuire a mettere in crisi i modelli tradizionali della relazione pedagogica. Una combinazione di fattori di natura pedagogica, pragmatica e valoriale sembrano indurre, quindi, i docenti a preferire la didattica frontale in presenza o al più le tradizionali piattaforme e-learning. Nel complesso i risultati non possono, però, essere letti in modo univoco in quanto riflettono una ambivalenza presente anche in letteratura rispetto alle potenzialità o meno dei Social Media per l’alta formazione.

Keywords


Social Media, alta formazione, pratiche didattiche, università italiana, relazione pedagogica

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2014-010-manc


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932


Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi