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Che cos’è il Nuovo Realismo

Maurizio Ferraris

Abstract


What is New Realism?

This contribution presents new realism as a reaction to constructivism, which represents the mainstream of modern philosophy. It maintains that our conceptual schemes and perceptual apparatus play a constitutive role with regard to reality. New realism is presented in four steps. The first concerns the distinction between ontology (what actually exists) and epistemology (what we think we know). The second is the empirical finding that the fundamental feature of ontology is its predominance over epistemology because that which exists, which is real, does not allow itself to be corrected by our conceptual schemes. The third is the observation that the real is not solely seen as resistance and negativity: in any negation there is a determination and a possibility. The fourth concerns realism with regard to social objects, which depend on the mind, but are independent of knowledge because they are essentially recorded acts, that is, documents.


Keywords


Constructivism, Epistemology, Post-modernism, Ontology, Realism

Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2014-009-ferr



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi