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Evidence Based Educational Policy and Practice: The Case of Applying the Educational Effectiveness Knowledge Base

Jaap Scheerens

Abstract


Evidence based educational policy and practice means, first of all, that new programs use relevant scientific knowledge for design purposes, or for critical review of initial program ideas (ex ante evaluation). Secondly, before programs are implemented on a large scale it is considered desirable to conduct smaller scale try-out and pilots, preferably designed as randomized experiments. Third and finally, rigorous ex post or summative evaluation of the implemented program is to be conducted. In this article the first condition is further analysed. It depends on the availability of broadly confirmed relatively stable research outcomes that make sense in a theoretical and practical way. The illustration that is used in this article is the educational effectiveness knowledge base and its application for decision making on school improvement and educational reform. The state of the art on educational effectiveness research provides some guidelines for successful general reform strategies, but also underlines the limits of malleability in education, in the sense that effect sizes of even the most successful strategies tend to be small.


Keywords


Educational Effectiveness; Evaluation; Evidence Based Educational; Knowledge Base; School Policy and Practice, Conoscenza Basata sui Dati, Educazione Basata sull’Evidenza, Efficacia Educativa, Monitoraggio, Valutazione, Politiche e Pratiche Scolastiche

Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2014-009-sche



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi