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La realtà educativa e la ricerca-azione in pedagogia

Massimo Baldacci

Abstract


Educational Reality and Action-Research in Education

The article investigates the concept of «educational reality» with regard to an epistemology inspired by critical realism. The investigation firstly deals with the function of «educational reality» in action-research by gathering the its relations with «pedagogic problematicism» and with educational planning. In this context, action-research becomes an active cognitive strategy aimed at transforming educational reality. Secondly, the implications between educational reality and ontology are explored. The analysis leads to overcoming the unilateral formulations of exclusively natural and social ontologies in favour of a complex and critical ontological approach. Thirdly, the study analyses the consequences deriving from complex ontology on educational reality through action-research. Educational reality, being the result of previous educational processes, is objectified educational practice and, for the very fact that it is a product of preceding transformations, can undergo further changes. Therefore, action-research enables the implementation of a critical and scientific pedagogic realism. Since it is an active cognitive strategy, it enables an understanding of educational reality, hypothesizes the action of transformation of the educational situation and performs an objective control of the transformation obtained.


Keywords


Action-research, Complex Ontology, Educational Reality, Pedagogical Realism, Problematicism, Ontologia complessa, Realismo pedagogico, Realtà educativa, Ricerca azione, Problematicismo

Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2014-009-bald



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi