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School Climate and Citizenship: Portuguese Pupils’ Overview

Manuela Texeira, Conceição Alves-Pinto

Abstract


School is both time and space of experience and citizenship. Students as individuals, create and recreate meaning on how to be in school and society, different affiliations that sustain their identity and the various spheres of participation. When defining citizenship we noted three dimensions: the person, the social ties and participation. Based on school climate – which we assume is what actors mostly represent and feel of their organization – this study takes four dimensions into account: relationships with various school stakeholders, equity, safety and working conditions. The sample included 3617 students from 5th to 12th grade education originating from 13 schools. The data instrument is a questionnaire on school climate, experiencing school aspects and the value attributed to being a citizen. School climate is globally positive, except for the working conditions dimension. The added value of the citizenship dimension varies according to different dimensions. School climate, experiencing school and the citizenship value have highly statistically significant relationships among all dimensions. The most favorable school climate appears consistently linked to the feeling of belonging, to teachers’ democratic leadership and to the valorization of citizenship dimensions. These results suggest that school climate and its relation to the meaning that students give to citizenship come from the relevance of the care of relationships between the different school actors.


Keywords


Citizenship; Leadership; Portuguese pupils; School climate; Sense of belonging; Cittadinanza; Clima scolastico; Senso di appartenenza; Studenti portoghesi

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2015-011-texe



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi