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Le dimensioni motivazionali dell’apprendimento scolastico: uno studio correlazionale sul concetto di sé e gli stili di attribuzione

Andrea Caputo

Abstract


The paper proposes a correlational study on 18436 seventh grade students from lower secondary schools of nine Italian regions, which explores some motivational patterns affecting learning. In detail, it has two research aims: (1) to examine differences by gender and regularity of grade attendance in Math and Reading self-concept and in causal attributions to explain success or failure in learning situations; (2) to test the association between Math/Reading self-concept and causal attributions, not depending on gender and regularity of grade attendance. Data were collected by the «Student Background Questionnaire» implemented by the National Evaluation Service. With regard to the first research aim, results highlight that male students are characterized by higher Math self-concept and external, stable and uncontrollable attributions to explain success or failure; instead, female students show higher Reading self-concept and effort as causal attribution to explain their academic success. In addition, repeaters overall show lower academic self-concept and less functional attributions. With regard to the second research aim, results confirm the strong association between self-concept and attributions even controlling for gender and regularity of grade attendance. The present study contributes to the development of research on motivational patterns of learning and to the detection of potential protective or risk factors affecting school success or failure.


Keywords


Academic self-concept; Causal attributions; Correlational study; Regularity of grade attendance; School learning; Apprendimento scolastico; Attribuzioni causali; Concetto di sé scolastico; Regolarità negli studi; Studio correlazionale

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2015-012-capu



 


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University


Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Giuditta Alessandrini - Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
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Nazarena Patrizi