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Il problema dell’autonomia dei confederati nel contesto di un’alleanza egemonica. Tracce di un dibattito nella demegoria Sul trattato con Alessandro ([Dem.] XVII)

Elisabetta Poddighe

Abstract


This article offers a reinterpretation of the pseudo-Demosthenic demegory On the Agreements with Alexander that reassesses the legal basis of the arguments offered by the speaker as regards the legal nature of the pacts and Alexander’s violations on this point. According to this interpretation, the Athenian speaker specifically focuses on the violations committed by Alexander as hegemon with respect to the commitments assumed by the Athenians in the symmachia as participants in the koine eirene. The most recent research acquisitions on the question of the attribution of the demegory and the context of its recitation lead to a reconsideration of the legal arguments offered by the speaker about the relationship between the koine eirene and the symmachia. In line with these acquisitions, the argument here proposed is that at the heart of the oration was the claim of the Athenians’ right not to follow unconditionally (ἀκολουθεῖν) the strategic direction taken by the hegemon, immediately after his passage through Asia, and to exit, if necessary, the koine eirene.


Keywords


Alessandro e i Greci; autonomia ed eleutheria nei patti interstatali; demegorie demosteniche; heghemonia; Iperide; koine eirene; relazioni internazionali in Grecia; symmachia – Alexander and the Greeks; autonomia and eleutheria in interstate relations;

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References


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K. Fleischer, Ein neuer Krieg in Klassischer Zeit - Der Hyperasische Krieg, Pellene und Chairon (bei Dikaiarch/Hermippus/Philodem), ZPE 215 (2020), 6-19.

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L. Gallo, Un politico 'minore' di età demostenica: Egesippo misophilippos, Erga-Logoi 6.1 (2018), 7-22.

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Gazzano 2019

F. Gazzano, Greek Ambassadors and the Rhetoric of Supplication: Some Notes, Ktèma 44 (2019), 53-69.

https://doi.org/10.3406/ktema.2019.2563

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C.A. Gibson, The Agenda of Libanius' Hypotheses to Demosthenes, GRBS 40.2 (1999), 171-202.

Giovannini 2007

A. Giovannini, Les relations entre États dans la Grèce antique, du temps d'Homère à l'intervention romaine (ca. 700-200 av. J.-C.), Stuttgart 2007.

Habicht 1997

C. Habicht, Athens from Alexander to Antony, Cambridge, MA - London 1997.

Hammond - Griffith 1979

N.G.L. Hammond - G.T. Griffith, A History of Macedonia, II, 550-336 BC, Oxford 1979.

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N.G.L. Hammond - F.W. Walbank, A History of Macedonia, III, 336-167 BC, Oxford 1988.

Harding 1985

Ph. Harding (ed.), From the End of the Peloponnesian War to the Battle of Ipsus (TDGR 2), Cambridge 1985.

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