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Fifty Shades of Oppression: Unexamined Sexualized Violence against Women and Other Animals

Corey Lee Wrenn


This article examines a chicken cookbook that parodies a popular pornography novel “Fifty Shades of Grey.”  Applying Carol J. Adams’ theory of intersecting oppression, I argue that the cookbook exemplifies the sexual objectification of women and Nonhuman Animals.  The trivialization of violence against women and other animals also exemplifies rape culture, speciesism, and misogyny.


Sexual objectification; Sexual violence; Human-Nonhuman Intersections

Full Text:



Adams, Carol J. 2000. The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist Vegetarian Critical Theory. New York, NY: The Continuum International Publishing Group, Inc.

Adams, Carol J. 2003. The Pornography of Meat. New York, NY: The Continuum International Publishing Group, Inc.

Dunayer, Joan. 1995. “Sexist Words, Speciesist Roots.” In Women and Animals: Feminist Theoretical Explorations, edited by Carol J. Adams and Josephine Donovan, 11-31. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Fowler, F.L. 2012. Fifty Shades of Chicken: A Parody in a Cookbook. New York, NY: Clarkson Potter Publishers.

James, E.L. 2011. Fifty Shades of Grey. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Joy, Melanie. 2010. Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows: An Introduction to Carnism. San Francisco, CA: Conari Press.

Wrenn, Corey Lee. 2013. “«Fifty Shades of Chicken» - Intersections in Violence against Women and Nonhuman Animals.” The Academic Abolitionist Vegan, January 6. http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.it/2013/01/fifty-shades-of-chicken-intersections.html.

Copyright (©) 2018 Corey Lee Wrenn – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

Relations. Beyond Anthropocentrism
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (04/05/2012 n. 211)
Online ISSN 2280-9643 - Print ISSN 2283-3196

Executive Editor: Francesco Allegri
Associate Editor: Matteo Andreozzi 
Review Editors: Sofia Bonicalzi - Eleonora Adorni
Editorial Board:
Ralph R. Acampora - Carol J. Adams - Vilma Baricalla - Luisella Battaglia - Rod Bennison - Matthew R. Calarco - Piergiorgio Donatelli - William Grove-Fanning - Serenella Iovino - Luigi Lombardi Vallauri - Christoph Lumer - Joel MacClellan - Dario Martinelli - Roberto Marchesini - Alma Massaro - Barbara Muraca - Serpil Oppermann - Simone Pollo - Paola Sobbrio - Kim Stallwood - Sabrina Tonutti - Jessica Ullrich - Federico Zuolo

© 2001 LED Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto