Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

The spontaneous horse

Francesco De Giorgio, Jose Schoorl


When enjoying the partnership with horses, understanding of the relationship dynamics and the impact horse and human have on each other is very important to understand how we can keep the relationship as pure and authentic as possible. It is often very difficult to see the spontaneous behaviour of horses because when living with us they are often trained for human purposes in an anthropocentric way, where the horses’ self-expression in the relationship with human, is mostly suppressed and controlled. Even when a horse shows an own intention, it is can be judged upon as an attempt to undermine the horse-human interaction (how much horses are allowed to move their head when haltered?). Rarely it is seen or interpreted as a moment of dialogue in which both human and horse are entering in interaction with each other. In this article you can find how you can recognize and take into account the spontaneous, cognitive, horse.


Relationship; Cognition; Horse behaviour; Animal-Human relationship; Animal welfare; Social context

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/rela-2014-001-degi

Relations. Beyond Anthropocentrism
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (04/05/2012 n. 211)
Online ISSN 2280-9643 - Print ISSN 2283-3196

Executive Editor: Francesco Allegri
Associate Editor: Matteo Andreozzi 
Review Editors: Sofia Bonicalzi - Eleonora Adorni
Editorial Board:
Ralph R. Acampora - Carol J. Adams - Vilma Baricalla - Luisella Battaglia - Rod Bennison - Matthew R. Calarco - Piergiorgio Donatelli - William Grove-Fanning - Serenella Iovino - Luigi Lombardi Vallauri - Christoph Lumer - Joel MacClellan - Dario Martinelli - Roberto Marchesini - Alma Massaro - Barbara Muraca - Serpil Oppermann - Simone Pollo - Paola Sobbrio - Kim Stallwood - Sabrina Tonutti - Jessica Ullrich - Federico Zuolo