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The Effects of Lock-down 2020 on the Behaviour and Mood of Children Aged Three to Six in Italy

Domiziana Sacchi, Augusto Pasini, Marco Muti, Carla Roverselli, Simonetta Spiridigliozzi


The aim of this research was to trace an association between the lock-down caused by the Covid-19 pandemic in Itlay (March-May 2020) and possible short- and long-term behavioral and mood changes in 1,000 children aged three to six years. With the data collected through the administration of two questionnaires, an account of the psychoattitudinal performance of the subjects examined during the aforementioned period was obtained. The results showed that during the lock-down nearly 60% of the sample exhibited negative feelings; 11.2% of the sample also exhibited symptoms attributable to situational depression. With the return to normalcy, the percentage of negative feelings recorded in the sample decreased to 11%; a significant association was also found between the mood state and temperament of the subjects. Behavioral changes such as increased onychophagy and eating changes during lock-down were recorded, which can be associated with stress. It was possible to reveal problems in the long term, such as difficulty in modulating anxiety, controlling aggression, and social adjustment.


Anxiety; Behavioural; Covid-19; Emotional dysregulation; Lock-down; Mental health.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2023-027-sacc

Copyright (©) 2023 Domiziana Sacchi, Carla Roverselli, Augusto Pasini, Simonetta Spiridigliozzi – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University

Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Associate Executive Editor & Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi 

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