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The Development of Educational Leadership and Teaching Professions in Germany

Pierre Tulowitzki


Teachers and school leaders are agents in a complex, ever-evolving system. Over time, there has been a shift towards team-orientation, the professionalization of teachership and leadership. This article presents a brief overview of several aspects of the German education system. First, the system itself is briefly introduced, including an introduction to the autonomy of the German federal states with regard to matters of education. This is followed by a short presentation of school leadership in Germany and how the role of school leaders has evolved over time. Next, teachership and the evolution of the teaching profession in Germany are briefly characterized. This also includes a brief section on standards for teacher training. Next, aspects of the professional development of teachers and school leaders are presented through the findings of several studies, chiefly the TALIS survey. Finally, challenges with regard to the professional development of teachers and school leaders in Germany are discussed.


Development; Education system; Germany; School improvement; Germania; Leadership; Miglioramento della scuola; Sistema educativo; Sviluppo del sistema educativo

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2015-011-tulo

Copyright (©) 2015 Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS Journal) – Editorial format and Graphical layout: copyright (©) LED Edizioni Universitarie


Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies (ECPS)
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (19/05/2010 n. 278)
Online ISSN 2037-7924 - Print ISSN 2037-7932

Research Laboratory on Didactics and Evaluation - Department of Education - "Roma Tre" University

Executive Editor: Gaetano Domenici - Associate Executive Editor & Managing  Editor: Valeria Biasci
Editorial Board: Eleftheria Argyropoulou - Massimo Baldacci - Joao Barroso - Richard Bates - Christofer Bezzina - Paolo Bonaiuto - Lucia Boncori - Pietro Boscolo - Sara Bubb  - Carlo Felice Casula - Jean-Émile Charlier - Lucia Chiappetta Cajola - Carmela Covato - Jean-Louis Derouet - Peter Early - Franco Frabboni - Constance Katz - James Levin - Pietro Lucisano  - Roberto Maragliano - Romuald Normand - Michael Osborne - Donatella Palomba - Michele Pellerey - Clotilde Pontecorvo - Vitaly V. Rubtzov - Jaap Scheerens - Noah W. Sobe - Francesco Susi - Giuseppe Spadafora - Pat Thomson
Editorial Staff: Fabio Alivernini - Guido Benvenuto - Anna Maria Ciraci - Massimiliano Fiorucci - Luca Mallia - Massimo Margottini - Giovanni Moretti - Carla Roverselli 
Editorial Secretary:
Nazarena Patrizi 

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