Led On Line
Presentazione - About us
Novita' - What's new
E-Journals
E-books
Lededizioni Home Page Ricerca - Search
Catalogo - Catalogue
Per contattarci - Contacts
Per gli Autori - For the Authors
Statistiche - Statistics
Cookie Policy
Privacy Policy

Cows, Cookstoves, and Climate Change: A Non-Anthropocentric View of Household Energy Use in the Rural Indian Himalayas

Deepti Chatti

Abstract


Household air pollution in the form of smoke from cookstoves in low-income homes is a serious threat to the health of women and children in the global South, and a contributor to global climate change. Many development actors have attempted to intervene in rural kitchens, by facilitating an energy transition to new technologies and fuels. Based on research in the rural Indian Himalayas, this paper will demonstrate how efforts to promote improved cookstoves bring different visions of stoves together in rural kitchens – as a technology meant to generate heat for cooking food, and as a device at the heart(h) of energy and mass flows between people, their livestock, and their fields. Drawing on eighteen months of fieldwork conducted between 2013-17 in rural Himachal Pradesh in India, this paper will examine the effect that human-animal relationships have on household energy decisions, ultimately affecting individual health and the environment. This approach expands existing scholarship in energy studies, which has historically been anthropocentric.


Keywords


household energy, cookstoves, energy access, multi-species entanglements, development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bailis, Robert, et al. (2015), 'The carbon footprint of traditional woodfuels', Nature Climate Change.

Balakrishnan, Kalpana, et al. (2011), 'Air pollution from household solid fuel combustion in India: an overview of exposure and health related information to inform health research priorities', Global health action, 4.

Barnes, Douglas F, Kumar, Priti, and Openshaw, Keith (2012), Cleaner hearths, better homes: new stoves for India and the developing world (New Delhi: Oxford University Press and World Bank).

Bond, Tami, Venkataraman, Chandra, and Masera, Omar (2004), 'Global atmospheric impacts of residential fuels', Energy for Sustainable Development, 8 (3), 20-32.

Govindrajan, Radhika (2015), '“The goat that died for family”: Animal sacrifice and interspecies kinship in India's Central Himalayas', American Ethnologist, 42 (3), 504-19.

Haraway, Donna Jeanne (2008), When species meet (224: U of Minnesota Press).

Jagadish, Arundhati and Dwivedi, Puneet (2018), 'In the hearth, on the mind: Cultural consensus on fuelwood and cookstoves in the middle Himalayas of India', Energy Research & Social Science, 37, 44-51.

Khandelwal, Meena, et al. (2017), 'Why Have Improved Cook-Stove Initiatives in India Failed?', World Development, 92, 13-27.

Kirksey, Stefan and Helmreich, Stefan (2010), 'The emergence of multispecies ethnography', Cultural anthropology, 25 (4), 545-76.

Kohn, Eduardo (2007), 'How dogs dream: Amazonian natures and the politics of transspecies engagement', American ethnologist, 34 (1), 3-24.

Lim, Stephen S., et al. (2012), 'A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010', The Lancet, 380 (9859), 2224-60.

Masera, Omar R, et al. (2015), 'Environmental burden of traditional bioenergy use', Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 40, 121-50.

Mobarak, A. M., et al. (2012), 'Low demand for nontraditional cookstove technologies', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (27), 10815-20.

Ogden, Laura A, Hall, Billy, and Tanita, Kimiko (2013), 'Animals, plants, people, and things: A review of multispecies ethnography', Environment and Society, 4 (1), 5-24.

Sagar, A. D. and Kartha, S. (2007), 'Bioenergy and sustainable development?', Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 32, 131-67.

Smith, Kirk R (2010), 'What's cooking? A brief update', Energy for Sustainable Development, 14 (4), 251-52.

Smith, Kirk R and Sagar, Ambuj (2014), 'Making the clean available: escaping India’s chulha trap', Energy Policy, 75, 410-14.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/rela-2018-001-chat






Relations. Beyond Anthropocentrism
Registered by Tribunale di Milano (04/05/2012 n. 211)
Online ISSN 2280-9643 - Print ISSN 2283-3196


Executive Editor: Francesco Allegri
Associate Editor: Matteo Andreozzi 
Review Editors: Sofia Bonicalzi - Eleonora Adorni
Editorial Board:
Ralph R. Acampora - Carol J. Adams - Vilma Baricalla - Luisella Battaglia - Rod Bennison - Matthew R. Calarco - Piergiorgio Donatelli - William Grove-Fanning - Serenella Iovino - Luigi Lombardi Vallauri - Christoph Lumer - Joel MacClellan - Dario Martinelli - Roberto Marchesini - Alma Massaro - Barbara Muraca - Serpil Oppermann - Simone Pollo - Paola Sobbrio - Kim Stallwood - Sabrina Tonutti - Jessica Ullrich - Federico Zuolo